The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919 Page: 112
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112 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
eral reader in the translations of Buckingham Smith1 and Bande-
lier.2 The latter translation, in the "Trailmakers' Series," is used
in this paper. In addition to, this account Cabeza de Vaca, Andres
Dorantes, and Alonso del Castillo, the three Spaniards who sur-
vived the hardships of this remarkable journey, wrote. an account
of their adventures for the Audiencia Real at Santo Domingo, a
paraphrase of which was incorporated by Captain Gonzalo Fer-
n6ndez de Oviedo y Valdez, the first official chronicler of the New
World, in his Historia General y Natural de los Indias, and is
found in the edition of that work published by the Royal Acad-
emy of History at Madrid, 1851-1855, in Tomo, III, at pp.
The identification of the places mentioned in these narratives
and the location of the route which these men traveled in making
their way from the island of "Mal-Hado" on the Texas Coast to
San Miguel de Culicin, in Sinaloa, Mexico, is a fascinating study,
which has attracted a notable array of students. Among them are
1The Narrative of Alvar Nuiez Cabeza de Vaca (Washington, 1851).
Second edition edited by John Gilmary Shea (New York, 1871); The
Narrative of A lvar Nuiez Cabeza de Vaca, edited by F. W. Hodge, in
Spanish Explorations in Southern United States, 1528-1542. New York,
-The Journey of Alvar Nuiiez Cabeza de Vaca and His Companions
from Florida to the Pacific, 1528-1536. Translated from his own narra-
tive by Fanny Bandelier. Edited, with an introduction, by Ad. F. Ban-
delier. (New York, 1905.) "Trail Makers' Series." This translation is
cited in these notes under the title "Cabeza de Vaca."
30viedo's account of the adventures of 'the survivors of the Narviez
expedition ends with Chapter VI, on .page 614, and was written apparently
in 1540. At this point he states that his relation was taken from the
letter which Alvar Nufiez Cabeza de Vaca, Andres Dorantes, and Alonso
del Castillo sent to the Audiencia Real of Santo Domingo, from the har-
bor of Havana, where they stopped in the year 1539 on their way to
Chapter VII (pp. 614-618) was added some years later, after the pub-
lication of the first edition of Cabeza de Vaca's relation, and after
Oviedo had had a personal interview with Cabeza de Vaca, in 1547, at
the royal court in Madrid. The additional matter incorporated in Chap-
ter VII is taken from Cabeza de Vaca's published relation and has to do
principally with the habits and customs of the Indians. Oviedo accords
Cabeza de Vaca a high reputation for truthfulness, but adds, "To a cer-
tain extent I hold the relation made by the three as better and more
clear" than Cabeza de Vaca's personal relation, "But what Cabeza de
Vaca adds is necessary, as not all could be told by people who had en-
dured so many hardships, and who, knew not where they had been."
With regard to the narratives themselves he adds: "In the first rela-
tion given me by the Royal Audiencia, which is contained in the preced-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919, periodical, 1919; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117156/m1/122/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.