The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919 Page: 30
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The Soulhwestern QHistorical Quarterly
men's understanding, that were the guiding principles of the com-
merce after the early traders had established the rule of illegal-
ity. Quiroga's revolutionary activities were not allowed to be-
came a precedent for the future guidance of the port officials, for
not only did a cedula of two years later prohibit the opening of
packages without first notifying the consignor, or his agent, of
such intention,"5 but an order of 1640 to the visitor Palafox for-
bade him to make "any innovations in the opening of packages."52
In view of the vague wording of the law of 1604," this meant
in practice a return to the old lenient regime, whose leniency could
at least be condoned by a liberal interpretation of that statute.
Again, during the few years when the c6dula, of 1720 was in op-
eration, the physical examination of goods was insisted upon.4
However, the Reglamento of 1734 restored the old custom to a
status of legality,"' and the Adiciones of 1769, while granting the
power to open packages that appeared particularly suspicious, did
not prescribe such procedure as the ordinary rule of action, but
only an expedient to be resorted to in unusual cases." Finally,
it must be remembered that, in view of the size of the cargo
and the methods of packing employed at Manila, the opening of
all the bales and boxes was out of the question, on account of the
sheer physical labor that would have been involved, as well as on
account of the derangement of the goods which it would have
After the registered cargo had been accounted for in accord
ance with the certified invoices the goods found to be consistent
with their bills of lading were removed' to the warehouses, where
they were stored, in bond as it were, until the opening of the
fair. In case any lot of goods was confiscated such merchandise
"1Real cedula, December 8, 1636, A. de I., 105-2-12.
"'The King to Palafox, February 14, 1640, A. de I., 105-2-12.
3"En el puerto de Acapulco se abran los registros de todo lo que se
trajere de Filipinas, por la persona a quien lo cometiere el virey de
Nueva Espai a, y oficiales de nuestra real hacienda del dicho puerto, y
juntos vean y reconozean los fardos y cofres, y hagan escrutinio y dili-
gencia, canto sea necesario para entender 1o que viniere fuera de registro
y permision." Lcyes, lib. 9, tit. 45, ley. 60.
6'4Extracto historial, f. 39b.
"'Ibid., f. 208.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919, periodical, 1919; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117156/m1/38/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.