The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919 Page: 33
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Acapulco and the Manila, Galleon
value of the cargo in this fashion and the rigid observance of the
limitation of the permniso would have precluded the possibility of
any subsequent bargaining between the merchants of the two par-
ties. However, as between the official theory and the actual prac-
tice of the traders there was the usual inconsistency. There was
always more or less haggling and dealing. Though a. conspiracy
by either side to force a scale of prices on the other was not per-
mitted by the law, the compromisarios and supercargoes from Manila
often found themselves the victims of an agreement among the
united Mexican interests. Sometimes a combination of the richer
trading houses of the capital attempted to dictate prices to the
Manilefios, or they might delay making their purchases as long
as possible, in order to force the latter to sell at low figures for
the sake of returning to Manila with the proceeds by the galleon
of the year. The islander's chance for a favorable market de-
pended largely at such times on the strength of the competition
of the Peruvians. As the latter were usually better supplied with
silver, they did all possible to bargain independently with them."
In case the Lima Ship failed to come, or in the rather unusual
eventuality of a union of the Mexican and Peruvian buyers, the
Manilefios were liable to be driven to hard straits to dispose of
their cargo at a.nv advantage. Their position was often made
more difficult by the interested collusion of the port officials with
their rivals, as well as by the vexations and extortions to which
those officials subjected them.G2 Thus, the officials sometimes de-
laved the publication of the bandos of the viceroy for the opening
of the fair until a few clays before the date set for the clearing of
the galleon for Manila, a maneuver which had the same effect as
the decision of the Mexican buyers to withhold their purchases
"Witness Gemelli's, experience with a Peruvian: "Tuesday 5th, I was
much annoy'd with the Heat and Gnats; but much more on Wednesday
6th, by the babling of a Merchant of Peru, for he according to the Cus-
toim of that Nation, endeavouring to talk me into a Bargain, gave me a
violent Headach, and yet we concluded upon nothing. 'he Spaniards of
New Spain are of another Temper, for they deal Generously and Gentilely
as becomes them." Op. cit., p. 504.
62Leyes, lib. 9, lit. 45, ley 61 (1633) ; the City to the King, June 15,
1677, A. de I., 67-6-28; the King to Viceroy Moctezuma, June 5, 1697, A.
de. I., 105-2-3; the Bishop of Nueva Segovia to the King, July 22, 1713,
A. de. I., 68-5-19.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919, periodical, 1919; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117156/m1/41/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.