The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919 Page: 39
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Reminiscences of the Terry Rangers
with rifles in hands were placed on top of the surrounding build-
ings so as to command the place the artillery men must occupy
when they would attempt to fire the cannon. The headquarters
of General Twiggs, one mile out in the country, were picketed
by a file of armed men so as to prevent communication with his
forces in town. When daylight came a flag of truce was sent in
to the commander at the fort, a. demand for surrender made, his
attention called to men on the housetops and the forces now
coming in to surround the fort and his army; and without firing
a gun he surrendered everything he commanded.'
In the meantime General Twiggs ordered his carriage and
started for camp without seemingly knowing what had happened
while he slept. Two of our men met him as he started out, pre-
sented their shot guns and told him he was their prisoner of war
and so they marched him into the Grand Plaza where McCulloch
and his men to the number of several hundred had assembled. I
happened to be standing within a few steps of McCulloch when
General Twiggs was brought in and I heard their conversation.
After salutations General Twiggs said, "Ben McCulloch, you have
treated me most shamefully, ruining my reputation as a. military,
man and I am now too old to re-establish it." McCulloch answers,
"I am serving my State, the State of Texas, Sir." General Twiggs
replied, that if an old woman with a broomstick in hand had come
to him and having authority from the State of Texas demanded his
surrender he would have yielded without a. word of protest. "But
you, Sir, without papers, without any notice have assembled a mob
and forced me to terms." So ends this episode. General Twiggs
in his humiliation wept like a child and he had my sympathy and
the sympathy I think of all who witnessed this meeting. The
soldiers and arms and munitions of war captured-I cannot now
recall numbers or amounts.2
I returned to school, but school work seemed tame and common-
1February 16, 1861.
-In the whole department of Texas 2445 officers and men were surren-
dered by Twiggs. See report of Colonel C. A. Waite, U. S. Army, to
Lorenzo Thomas. February 26, 1861, Offcial Rccords of Ihe Union and
Confederate Armies, Series I, Vol. I, p. 524.
The value of the grounds, buildings and stores of all kinds surrendered
in San Antonio was estimated at $781,808.39; at the other posts in Texas,
$700,000. See report of the Texas Commissioners, Devine, Luckett, and
Maverick, Official Records, Series I, Vol. LIII, p. 632.-C. W. R.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919, periodical, 1919; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117156/m1/47/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.