The Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide 1929 Page: 76
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76 THE TEXAS ALMANAC-1929.
ucational system. Throughout the history
of the State its citizens have looked
steadfastly in this direction. When Texas
was annexed to the United States it re-
tained its public domain. Much of this
land has been appropriated to support of
public schools and institutions of higher
learning. From the sale of this land there
has been built up an endowment, includ-
ing funds of State and counties, for public
schools and the individual funds of higher
Institutions, of approximately $100,000,000.
Texas has made rapid strides in high-
way improvement since 1917, date of the
establishment of the State Highway Com-
mission, and there are now about 10,000
miles of improved thoroughfare along the
designated routes of the State. Texas
looks to a continued expansion of its
railroad system; next to population, the
railroad was the thing most needed in the
development of Texas In recent years
Texas has witnessed the building of more
miles of railroad than any other State.
Texas looks forward to a continued de-
velopment of its ports. In 1927 the do-
mestic exports from this State were $647,-
000,000, second only to the State of New
York. Texas looks forward to develop-
ment of a great commercial intercourse
with Mexico Such are a few of the prin-
cipal things in the minds of Texans today.
Dates of Principal Events in History of Texas.
1528-As recorded by history, it was in
this year that the first white man
entered Texas. Cabeza de Baca and
companions, Spaniards, were ship-
wrecked on the coast of Texas,
probably somewhere between Gal-
veston and Matagolda Bays. After
several years of wandering, Cabeza
de Baca, the sole survivor, reached
Mexico City after traversing the
southern part of Texas.
1541-The second visitor to Texas was
Capt. Francisco Vasquez de Coro-
nado. The Viceroy of Mexico de-
tailed him to search for the Seven
Cities of Gold supposed to be situ-
ated somewhere in the territory
now occupied by New Mexico and
Arizona After wandering over a
large section of the Southwest, In-
cluding the great plains of North-
west Texas, needless to say, he
found no Cities of Gold.
1542-Luis de Moiosco, leading remnant
of De Soto band, crossed into Texas
near present site of Texarkana and
marched to Brazos, seeking route
to Mexico City
1582-Antonio de Espejo explores valley
1682-Ysleta founded, oldest town in
1685-La Salle, attempting to reach the
mouth of the Mississippi, is driven
to the west and lands near the end
of February on the shore of Lavaca
Bay; here he founded Fort St. Louis,
the first Texas settlement, and went
in search of the Mississippi.
1687-La Salle killed by one of his fol-
lowers, on Navasota River near
present site of city of Navasota.
- 1686-Capt. Alonso de Leon marches from
MIexico into Texas in search of La
Salle colony, discovering the old
Fort St. Louis in 1689. It was dur-
ing this expedition that the Tejas
Indians were discovered, from
whom Texas is said to take its
1690-Mission San Francisco de los Tejas
founded by Father Massenet a short
distance from the Neches River,
near the present town of Crockett.
1715-Saint-Denis appears before Capt.
Diego Ramon, commander of Span-
ish fort near present town of Eagle
Pass, seeking to open trade rela-
tions with In4.ans in Texas. Is im-
prisoned, but released to visit Vice-
roy of Mexico and persuades the
latter to attempt colozination of
1716-Establishment by Spaniards of mis-
sions in vicinity of present towns
of Nacogdoches and San Augustine.
1718-Founding of first mission at San
1719-French from Louisiana drive Sp'an-
lards from missions in vicinity of
1749-Fort founded by Spanish on pres-
ent site of Goliad.
1762-Frances cedes Louisiana, including
East Texas, to Spain.
1773-Spanish withdraw from East Texas.
1779-Spanish colonists returning to East
Texas establish themselves on pres-
ent site of Nacogdoches.
1800-Philip Nolan makes expedition into
Texas, penetrating to vicinity of
1801-Nolan killed by Spanish soldiers.
1803-Louisiana purchased by the United
1812-Bernardo Gutierrez and Augustus
Magee enter Texas from Louisiana
with intention of setting up inde-
1813-Gutierrez expedition captures San
Antonio April 1.
-Revolutionists defeated by Span-
iards under Arredondo at battle of
Medina, near San Antonio, in June.
1819-James Long leads expedition into
Texas for purpose of setting up in-
1820-Moses Austin given permission to
found colony in Texas.
1821-Death of James Long.
-Jean La Fitte abandons Galveston
-Mexico gains independence from
-Colony founded on banks of Brazos
by Stephen F. Austin.
1824-Adoption of the Constitution of 1824
by Texas; first constitutional Gov-
ernment in Texas.
1826--On Dec. 16 Texas declared inde-
pendent by Hayden Edwards under
name of Republic of Fredonia.
1827-Fredonian rebellion collapses. Ed-
wards lands granted to Lorenzo de
Zavala, David G. Burnet and others.
1829-Beginning of Mexican opposition to
Texas. President Guerrero of Me -
ico frees slaves of Mexico, nearly
all of which had entered with
American colonists. Decree recalled
later in year.
1830-Law of April 6 made effective, prac-
tically forbidding further American
colonization of Texas; providing for
sending of Mexican convicts to
Texas; sending Mexican soldiers
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The Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide 1929, book, 1929; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117158/m1/78/: accessed January 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.