The Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide 1929 Page: 97
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THE TEXAS ALMANAC-1929.
Dusting 1With C(aliium Arsenate for Ioll Aeevil Control.
Cotton Growing Industry of Texas
In 1928 Texas grew a cotton crop of
about 5,150,000 bales, which was the second
largest crop in its history. In 1926, when
5,628,000 bales were produced, the Texas
record was set. However, market demand
justifying, it probably will not be long
before still new records are made. Prob-
ably the most interesting thing about
the Texas cotton crop has been its rapid
increase in volume of production; and
not only in Texas but throughout the cot-
ton world there is much conjecture as to
future expansion of the Texas cotton
growing industry. For the decade 1891-
1900 Texas produced an average of
2,598,000 bales of cotton annually; for
1901-1910, 2,902,000 bales annually; for
1910-1920, 3,908,000 bales annually. Since
1920 the average crop has been 4,223,000
bales annually. For the last five years
Texas has produced an average of 4,808,-
000 bales annually.
The increase in cotton production in re-
cent years has come primarily from the
increase in cultivation in two sections of
the State; first, on the great plains in
Lubbock, Dawson, Lynn, Terry, Floyd,
Lamb, Hale, Crosby and adjacent counties
and in some counties just below the great
plains including Collingsworth, Hall, Cot-
tie, Motley, Scurry, Mitchell and Midland;
secondly, increase in cultivation in South
Texas both in the irrigated sections and
in the great coastal plains between San
Antonio and Corpus Christi. In addition
there has been a very appreciable increase
in acreage in the middle western counties.
On another page is given the production
of cotton by counties for the period 1917-
1928. A glance at the rate of increase in
ginnings in such counties as Dawson,
Lubbock and Nueces will very concretely
tell the story of the wholesale conversion
of pasture lands into cotton fields in the
South Plains, Corpus Christi areas, and
certain other regions.
Just how much latent cotton land re-
mains is a matter for conjecture, but it
certainly amounts to millions of acres. In
the older sections of the State, of course,
most of this available land is marginal,
but in the more recently developed cotton
territories there is still much very good
land that has not been turned by the plow.
In addition to the land mentioned above
there is an estimated area of several mil-
lion acres that would be available for
cotton production through drainage of
level lands in the coastal region and
1,800,000 acres that might be reclaimed by
construction of levees along rivers in ('en-
tral and Eastern Texas. Further, there is
a large area in the semi-arid sections of
Texas that could be added to cotton acre-
age, as well as a large area in cultivation
from which production could be increased,
through irrigation. Nor does the above
constitute the full extent of an appraisal
of Texas cotton growing potentialities, for
improved cultural methods would greatly
increase production per acre in the older
cotton growing sections. If Texas had
produced as much per acre during the last
few years as has North Carolina, the total
production would have been raised a'p-
proximately to 9,000.0(100 bales annually.
In addition to increased yield through
soil improvement, there is always the (pos-
sibility of greatly increased yield
throughout the older section through the
discovery of more effective methods of
control of the boll weevil and root rot in-
festations. The contests conducted during
1924. 1925, 1926 and 1927 by The Dallas
Morning News and The Semi-Weekly
Farm News for "more cotton on fewer
acres" brought out yields as high as two
and three bales per acre.
As a matter of fact, when one considers
such factors as raw land available for
cotton production, and the possibilities of
increased yields through irrigation, soil
building, insect control and improvement
of cotton plant breeds, it must be recog-
nized that Texas with its present four
and five million-bale crops has neverthe-
less not yet approached the limit of its
annual production. Future expansion of
the Texas cotton growing industry will
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The Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide 1929, book, 1929; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117158/m1/99/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.