Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide 1936 Page: 169
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A BTrD'S-EYIE VIEW OF TEXAS. 169
A scene in the Frio Canyon a few miles above the little town of Leakey, Real
County. There are many perennially flowing streams such as the Frio that have their
sources in the springs of the Ed i ards Plateau.
fine pecan groves along the streams in the
southern part. Excellent native grasses,
mesquite, grama and others provide range
As a whole the region is about equally
divided between crop growing and live-
stock raising. Staple crops are grown,
cotton leading, but there is a large pro-
duction of wheat in the northern section
and grain sorghums, oats and corn are
grown generally. There are some rela-
tively large bodies of land devoted to
ranching and there is much stock farm-
ing. Cattle raising is the principal live-
stock industry and some of the finest beef
cattle grown in the State come from this
territory. The extreme southern portion
dips into the sheep and goat country.
The population is very largely white.
Farmers are landowners as a rule, al-
though tenancy has increased rapidly in
recent years in the intensively cultivated
cotton region extending through the cen-
Potentiality for Development.
While the north central province can
no longer be considered one of the newer
developing regions of Texas, except on its
western edge, its development neverthe-
less is far from complete. The great
ranch has gone except in a few areas, and
the cotton, corn, grain sorghum and wheat
farmer has taken the cattle raiser's place,
yet there is much land available for new
cultivation in this region, and its future
total volume of crop production will be in-
The potentialities of the region for in-
tensive beef cattle raising on stock farms,
dairying and poultry and swine raising
are incalculable. WVell watered, but well
drained and with a mild climate and soils
suited to feed crop production, it is as
well adapted to an intensified livestock
production as any region in the United
The region also has future mineral pos-
sibilities, aside from its great oil and gas
fields, which have been responsible for a
large part of the Texas petroleum and
gas production to date. Clays, coal, gyp-
sum for manufacture of building mate-
rials, salt, copper and building stone are
found in large quantities in this region.
Some of the State's greatest water conser-
vation projects are along the Brazos, Colo-
rado, Red and Trinity, where they tra-
verse the narrow belt of hilly topography
along the eastern border of the North
Central area. There will be further agri-
cultural expansion, and development of
industry will follow on its heels. The
largest industrial and commercial center
of the area is Fort Worth, lying on its
eastern border. In the interior are
Wichita Falls, Abilene, Sweetwater,
yC:i 8 i i
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Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide 1936, book, 1936; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117161/m1/171/: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.