Texas Almanac, 1939-1940 Page: 33
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PHYSIOGRAPHY OF TEXAS.
.2 I I
SM~, hinterland of the Gulf Southwest and
the outside world across the Texas sea-
E~. board that has been responsible primari-
o ly for the building of the great cities.
aIM The Gulf Southwest's resources for the
production of cotton, oil, sulphur, lumber,
livestock products, wheat and fifty or
_ - more other commodities in quantities
5 vastly in excess of regional consumptive
h capacity, have made the Gulf Coast of
a cs Texas one of the busiest tidewater fronts
m c in the world. Besides the Brownsville-
fim Port Isabel, and Corpus Christi-Aransas
A Pass ports mentioned in preceding para-
0 3 a graphs, there are the deepwater ports
.9, of Houston, Galveston, Beaumont, Port
>t- Arthur, Freeport, Texas City and Port
8r = Neches. To these points come railroads,
=a-. highways and pipe lines, bringing for
my shipment to foreign countries and to the
ao c Atlantic and Pacific seaboards of this
r E country more than 65,000,000 tons of
Sw commodities annually. Though the out-
5 bound freight of these ports is vastly
o greater than the inbound freight, the
~_ heavier materials entering Texas from
L-A . abroad and from the northeastern sec-
tions of the United States largely come
on through these seaboard points. The com-
z .Z pletion in recent years of the Intracoastal
c , Canal from the Mississippi to a junction
S with the Houston ship channel has made
Eo the Gulf Coast thus far a part of the
4 Mm great inland waterway system of Amer-
S, ica. Extension of the canal to Corpus
c r'- Christi, and possibly to Brownsville later,
t L is contemplated.
0 It has been this gigantic commerce
'fo primarily that has been responsible for
gou v the economic advancement of the Gulf
Coast region, not only because of the
e o traffic itself but because the heavy indus-
tries of the state have settled at the
S+0 'r port cities due to advantageous freight
S3 = rates and other shipping advantages. Not
go only have the deepwater ports been in-
- -8 , strumental in building the economy of
0 _ the Gulf Coast but they have proved to
So be of profound significance in the eco-
L 0-' nomic advancement of the entire Gulf
-s. Pine Forest Belt.
SaE3 Extending northward from the eastern
So end of the Coastal Prairies to the Red
> 3 River, and stretching westward from the
cuo eastern Texas boundary for an average
5 distance of 100 miles is the Pine Forest
c Belt, known in the vernacular of East
- g. Texas as the "piney woods." This is the
westernmost extension of the great
o m southern pine region, which extends
rms westward from the Atlantic coast. It is
a 8 a rolling, wooded plain varying in alti-
E- tude from 50 feet near the coast to 700
0 L feet in the vicinity of Mount Selman in
t i Cherokee County. The Pine Forest Belt
5 0 o extends from the upper edge of the area
,e- known geologically as the Quaternary,
..o across the Phocene-Miocene and Eocene
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Texas Almanac, 1939-1940, book, 1939; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117163/m1/35/: accessed March 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.