Texas Almanac, 1939-1940 Page: 55
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HISTORY OF TEXAS.
and Socorro del Sur. These places, as 1836-1845;
established in 1682, were on the right Southern
(present Mexican) bank of the river, States, 18
but a great avulsive change in the chan- above giv
nel in later years left them on the tory of TE
Texas side. of flags ir
De Soto's Followers in Texas. est hold o
While several expeditions traversed the Fren(
West Texas in search of the Seven Cities 1690, thou
and Quivira, the only expedition touch- from o168
ing East Texas soil, other than those al- to Texas
ready mentioned, was that of Hernando Thus there
de Soto, which pushed westward from the overappi
Mississippi after De Soto's death. It en- oweve
tered Texas at the northeast corner and history o
proceeded into North Central Texas, pos- and econo
sibly into Central and West Central veal chap
Texas. This was in 1542 immediately session o
after Coronado traversed this region, and as falls ra
it is thought that, through information riods:
from the Indians, De Soto's followers 1. Era
had heard ofth the white men in the west archaeolo
and sought to make connection with des of the
them. 2. The
La Salle and Fort Saint Louis. with Pine
The wanderings of these Spanish ad- ing to the
venturers had raised above the soil of in 1690. 'I
Texas the first of the six flags to fly revieowedi
over it. The second flag, that of France, Fuena
came with the landing of Rene Robert lishment c
Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1685. Ac- from 1690
cording to the announced purpose of La missions i
Salle's expedition, it was to have estab- 4. Decli
lishe a French settlement at the mouth era of fi
of the Mississippi. Possibly La Salle was 1821.
driven on the Texas coast by adverse 5. Estab
winds. There is also evidence that he colonies b
sailed past the mouth of the Mississippi F. Austin,
for the deliberate purpose of establishng 6. The i
a French post within striking distance 7. The
of Spanish operations in northern Mex- 8. State
ico. He, too had heard of the Seven 1845-1861.
Cities of Cibola. 9. Texas
Landing at the head of Lavaca Bay, La 10. Peri
Salle established Fort Saint Louis from 1874.
which he made a number of expeditions, 11. Peri,
some to the westward apparently in ment, 187
search of the gold and silver mines of tur .
the Spaniards, and later to the eastward 1 Begi
in search of the Mississippi. La Salle was urbanizati
killed by one of his own men during an Twentieth
expedition in 1687. The place of the This cli
explorer's death is usually fixed at a site fxans fi
near present Navasota. After the lead- time. Of
er's death the colony at Fort Saint Louis ginning o
was soon destroyed by disease and In- prove wro
dians. Its establishment in Texas thus toric devel
came to little direct results. Indirectly of this dat,
it had a permanent influence on the ing from t
chain of historic cause-and-effect, be- dredth an
cause it alarmed the Spaniards in Mex- dependenc,
ico and made them give serious thought political c;
to the matter of establishing settlements pear from
in the great region north of the Rio stepped de
Grande. a new era
Sequence of Texas History. the ending
The sequence of the six flags of Texas the coming
has been as follows: Spain, 1519-1685; Texas' Ch;
France, 1685-1690; Spain, 1690-1821; Looking
Mexico, 1821-1836; Republic of Texas, of Texas, ]
United States 1845-1861; the
Confederacy, 1861-1865; United
865 to present. The sequence
es, with respect to the early his-
exas, eras during which nations
idicated actually had the firm-
)n Texas soil. For this reason
ch period is limited to 1685-
gh the French claim extended
to 1763. The Spanish claim
extended from 1519 to 1821.
re were seventy-nine years of
ig Spanish and French claims.
r, a logical breaking of the
Texas into eras ef political
lmic development does not re-
ters coinciding with the suc-
the flag. The history of Tex-
lther naturally into twelve pe-
of the aborigine, as revealed in
gical research and the chroni-
early explorations, beginning
das visit in 1519 and extend-
beginning of missionary effort
these two periods have been
n the foregoing paragraphs.
ding of the missions and estab-
of Spanish dominion, extending
until the secularization of the
ne of spanish dominion, an
libustering expeditions, 1793-
lishment of Anglo-American
beginning with that of Stephen
texas Revolution, 1836.
Republic of Texas, 1836-1845.
hood prior to the Civil War,
in the Confederacy, 1861-1865.
od of Reconstruction, 1865-
od of early economic develop-
4 to end of Nineteenth Cen-
nning of industrialization and
on of Texas, from beginning of
Century to about 1936.
assificatlon leaves Texas and
cing a new era at the present
course, the placing of the be-
Sa new chapter in 1936 may
ng in the light of future his-
lopment. However, the naming
e is not merely an impulse aris-
the occurrence of the one hun-
liversary of the winning of in-
e. Far-reaching economic and
auses and effects make it ap-
this close range that Texas
finitely across the threshold of
at approximately the date of
of the great depression and
g of the centennial year.
anging Political Environment.
back over the entire chronicle
probably the primary observa-
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Texas Almanac, 1939-1940, book, 1939; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117163/m1/57/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.