Texas Almanac, 1939-1940 Page: 85
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leum and natural gas that has lent
impetus to the population growth of
Texas during the last three and one half
decades. On the heels of the petroleum
discoveries have come discoveries of
sulphur and other minerals (in many
instances as the direct result of drilling
for petroleum) and in turn they lent
impetus to the development of manufac-
turing. During the last ten years Texas
population would have been at a stand-
still had it depended upon its agricultural
resources. The passing of the agricultural
crisis in this country will bring new
opportunities for expansion of farm popu-
lation in Texas, primarily through the
diversification and intensification of the
farming and livestock raising industries,
but it will be the mining industries and
manufacturing that will draw the greater
part of Texas population increase in the
Growing Urban Population.
An outstanding result of this shift in
* Above 100
Per Sq. Mi.
25 to 50
the contributing cause of Texas increase
in population will be continued urbaniza-
tion. The process of urbanization has
been in evidence during the last three
decades. In 1910 the urban population of
Texas-that part of the population living
in incorporated places of 2,500 or more
population-amounted to only 24 per cent
of the state's total population. In 1920 it
had risen to 32 per cent and in 1930 it
was 41 per cent. The census of 1940 pos-
sibly will reveal half the population of
Texas living in places of 2,500 or more
population. Undoubtedly most of the
growth in population in Texas during the
last ten years has been in the cities.
At present the largest city in Texas,
Houston, has 5 per cent of the total popu-
lation of the state. The five cities m the
100,000 population class, namely, Hous-
ton, Dallas, San Antonio, Fort Worth and
El Paso, have a total of more than 1,000,-
000 or about 18 per cent of the state's
population. In the cities of 10,000 or more
Distribution of Texas
This map shows distribution of Texas pop-
ulation according to density as indicated by
the legend above. The density is calcu-
lated on basis of the latest estimates of pop-
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Texas Almanac, 1939-1940, book, 1939; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117163/m1/87/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.