Texas Almanac, 1939-1940 Page: 86
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86 THE TEXAS ALMANAC-1939.
population is found 30 per cent of the
state's population. Approximately one
half of the net growth of the state dur-
ing the decade was contributed by the
cities of the 40,000 population class, and
In May, 1938, there were 609 incor-
porated places in Texas, according to
a bulletin of the League of Texas Mu-
nicipalities. This was a gain of thirty
over the 579 incorporated places in the
state, according to the 1930 census, of
which 136 had been incorporated since
the census of 1920. There were 36 cities
having 10,000 or more population, and an
additional 47 places having from 5,000 to
10,000 population. Eight cities of more
than 10,000 population had a population
growth of more than 100 per cent in the
ten-year period. In the census of 1910
and again in those of 1920 and 1930 Texas
was a leading state in the record set by
the growth of its principal cities.
Races and Nationalities.
In the statistical columns of this chap-
ter there are presented figures showing
the characteristics of Texas population as
to nationality and racial group.
While the population of Texas has been
recruited preponderantly from other
American states, immigration into Texas
from foreign countries has contributed
more to Texas population than to that of
any other Southern state.
The white population of Texas, accord-
ing to the census of 1930, accounts for
73.5 per cent of the whole; the Mexican
population 11.7 per cent; the Negro popu-
lation 14.7 per cent, and a miscellany of
races constitute the remaining one-tenth
of 1 per cent. The native white popu-
lation is 71.9 per cent of the whole,
while the foreign-born white population
amounts to only 1.7 per cent.
Mexicans in Texas.
However, the figures on foreign-born
white population include only a very few
of the Mexican-born residents of the
state. Because most of the Mexicans liv-
ing in Texas are either Indians or mixed
bloods, they were classed by the Census
Bureau in 1930 under "other races" as
"Mexicans." Prior to 1930 the entire
Mexican population was classed as for-
eign-born white. Of the 683,681 Mexicans
dwelling in Texas at the time of the
census 262,672 were born in Mexico.
The Mexican population of Texas has
grown rather steadily throughout the
El Paso v Bexar :
77,389 98,901 : Hdalgo
4 Leading Counties in black
with Mexican population as Cameron
years from the nucleus established in San
Antonio and vicinity in the early part of
the Eighteenth Century. There was, how-
\ ever, a particularly large increase in the
Mexican population during the twenty
years, 1910-1930, due to the opening of
agricultural lands in West Texas and
demand for cotton pickers and other
farm labor. The Mexican population of
Texas today lies throughout the Trans-
Pecos and Southwest Texas regions,
extending as far east as Houston along
the coastal belt with a scattered popula-
tion that in recent years has extended all
the way to the Red River and into the
Great Plains country.
The following twelve counties, given in
order of Mexican population, had 384,367
or 56 per cent of all Texas Mexicans,
according to the census of 1930:
Bexar .........98,901 Harris .........19,190
El Paso.........77,389 San Patricio.....12,413
Hidalgo .........41,522 Karnes .........11,808
Cameron ........38,343 Caldwell ........11,367
Webb ..........29,601 Gaudalupe ......10,332
Nueces .........23,276 Travis ........:.10,225
Early German Settlements
Aside from the Mexican population,
Germany and Austria have contributed
most of the present foreign stock of
The first German colony in Texas was
established at the present site of Industry,
Austin County, in 1842, but the real be-
ginning of German immigration into
Texas was in the founding of the "Asso-
ciation for the Protection of German
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Texas Almanac, 1939-1940, book, 1939; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117163/m1/88/: accessed November 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.