Texas Almanac, 1941-1942 Page: 28
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28 TEXAS ALMANAC -1941-42
ample, experience during Texas' first
great oil boom after the discovery of
Spindletop proved that some oil stock
advertising was false while other was
legitimate. Since The News found it
impossible to discriminate between good
and bad advertising of this kind, it
refused all such promotional copy--a
decision that meant the turning down
later of hundreds of thousands of dollars'
worth of advertising. The newspaper was
a chief factor in eliminating the secret
political power of the Ku Klux Klan in
The Dallas Morning News in its home
city has long been a powerful force for
honest government and civic betterment.
First the city commission and then the
present council-manager forms of city
government owe much of their life in
Dallas to the newspaper. City beautifi-
cation, city planning, the modernization
of water supply and other benefits were
first successfully urged by The News.
Improvements largely sponsored by the
same journalistic enterprise include flood
control of the Trinity River, straighten-
ing and relocation of the channel of the
river through the heart of Dallas, re-
moval of railroad tracks from the
business districts and construction of the
Union Station. The News likewise is
credited with an important part in the
successful acquisition of Southern Meth-
odist University and the Eleventh Fed-
eral Reserve Bank for Dallas.
Emphasis on News Gathering.
While campaigning for progress, The
News has always been faithful to its
primary purpose of being a first-class
newspaper. It was a pioneer in gather-
ing telegraphic news by special corre-
spondents. It was the first Texas news-
paper to use illustrations, the first to
publish regular and adequate market
reports by wire, the first to make home
delivery in outside cities, the first news-
paper in Dallas to use Linotype machines,
as it was also the first to print in colors.
With enterprise that astonished many
people, The News leased special trains in
its early days to get distribution of its
editions. Among these was the famous
mile-a-minute train, operated over the
Houston & Texas Central from Dallas to
Sherman and Denison, beginning in 1887,
and a similar one to Fort Worth.
Among the more famous journalistic
feats of The News was the full reporting
by wire of the historic debate at Cam-
eron in 1892 between Governor James
Stephen Hogg and George Clark of
Waco. This 14,000-word report, pub-
lished the next morning, firmly estab-
lished the reputation of the paper for
enterprise and thoroughness In 1897 The
News obtained in advance of any other
paper and published completely the
22,000-word decision by the United States
Supreme Court upholding the Texas
The Galveston end of The News was a
victim of the terrible hurricane of 1900,
but its counterpart in Dallas took the
lead in reporting this disaster, and staff
members in Galveston were leaders in
the rehabilitation of the stricken city.
The superior enterprise of The News was
further displayed in 1907 in the reporting
of the debate in Houston between United
States Senator Joseph Weldon Bailey and
former Attorney General M. M. Crane.
Today as in the past The Dallas Morn-
ing News enjoys the greatest circulation,
not only in its own history, but of any
daily newspaper in the city of Dallas. It
is served by both the Associated Press
and the United Press as well as the
North American Newspaper Alliance and
many other news and feature services. It
is the only Dallas newspaper with seven-
day-a-week Associated Press and A. P.
Wirephoto service. Besides its especially
able and full local staff, both of report-
ers and editorial writers, the paper is
served by its own staff correspondents at
Washington and in Mexico City and at
Austin, Waco and Tyler.
Recognition of The News has come
from far beyond the borders of its home
state. In the latest issue of the Political
Handbook of the World, it is named as
one of seventy leading dailies of the
United States--the only Texas paper so
honbred. Since 1935 the issues of The
Dallas Morning News have been pre-
served by the library of the University
of Chicago as one of thirteen representa-
tive newspapers of the United States.
The school of journalism of the Univer-
sity of Missouri designated The News for
one of its annual awards of a medal of
honor for distinguished service in jour-
nalism several years ago.
Radio Enters Journalism.
The vitality of The News has been
revealed over the years by its ability to
adapt to changing conditions in the field
of journalism. No more significant
change in that field has occurred than
by the introduction of radiobroadcasting.
As early as June of 1922 The News
inaugurated its own radio station, WFAA,
which was one of the first established by
any newspaper in the world. This direct
entry into the field of broadcasting was
suggested by the late Walter A. Dealey,
who foresaw the part broadcasting would
play in supplementing the news dissemi-
nation of the daily press as well as in
adding to the education and entertain-
ment of the public.
The original transmitter of WFAA
was only 150-watts in power and was
located on top of The News' building in
the business district of Dallas. Its an-
tennae were strung from one tower on
the present Texas Bank Building to the
other on The News' building. The power
was increased within a few months to
500-watts and one tower was removed
from The News' building to the Mis-
souri-Kansas-Texas Railway general of-
fice building one block west on Com-
merce Street. The first studios were on
the second floor of The News' building.
In 1925 the studio and control rooms
were moved to the Baker Hotel and in
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Texas Almanac, 1941-1942, book, 1941; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117164/m1/30/: accessed June 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.