Texas Almanac, 1941-1942 Page: 69
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FLAG USAGE 69
flown adjacent to the United States flag, it
should be unfurled after the national flag,
and should always be displayed to the left.
When flown from separate, adjacent flag-
poles, the United States flag and the Texas
flag should be of approximately same size
and on flagpoles of equal length. When the
two flags are displayed on a speaker's plat-
form, the Texas flag should be on the left
side of the speaker, the national flag on the
right. If the Texas flag is displayed alone
on the wall behind a speaker, it should be
above him and with the blue field on the
flag's right (observer's left). The Texas flag
should not be used as a drape to cover a
speaker's platform; should not be draped
over the hood, sides or rear of a motor car,
train, boat or other vehicle of transporta-
tion, should not be allowed to touch the
ground, should not be used as covering for
a ceiling; should not be used as any portion
of a costume or athletic uniform; should not
be embroidered on cushions or handkerchiefs
or printed on boxes or paper napkins, should
not have any printing or lettering of any kind
on it; must not have any advertisement
placed on it, or flagpole, or be used in any
way for advertising purposes: should not be
used as a decoration over middle of street
or in any other way purely as decoration.
Bunting should be used for such purposes.
When carried on automobile or float, it
should be with staff firmly fixed to radia-
tor cap or chassis. It should not be displayed,
used or stored in such manner that it will be
easily soiled or damaged. When the Texas
flag is in such condition that it is no longer
a suitable emblem for display, it should be
destroyed, preferably by burning, "with the
spirit of respect and reverence which all
Texans owe the emblem."
In addition to the foregoing in the statute
cited, Acts of the Legislature of 1917 (Third
Called Session, p. 81) provide a penalty for
disfiguring the Texas flag in any way, using
it for advertising or commercial purpose by
printing on it, or the flagpole, or otherwise
Salute, or Pledge, to the Texas Flag.
An act of the Forty-Third Legislature,
1933 (p. 186, ch. 87), provides the following
Salute to the Texas Flag:
"Honor the Texas Flag of 1836,
I pledge allegiance to thee--
Texas, one and indivisible "
HOW TO FLY AND DISPLAY U.S. FLAG
Legal provisions with respect to mutilation
or defiling the United States flag, or using
It as part of advertisement, are found in Sec.
3 of Title 4 of the U S. Code. A national
flag code was formulated by a National Flag
Conference sponsored by the American Leg-
ion in 1923. The National Flag should be
flown or displayed only from sunrise to sun-
set, should be carried at the marching right
in procession with other flags, should be dis-
played in the center of a group of flags and
at highest point, should be at peak when
flown on same halyard with other flags, but
flown from different staffs at same elevation
as other flags.
When displayed against a wall, with stripes
in either horizontal or vertical position, the
blue field should be on the flag's own right
(observer's left). When suspended in a
street, the flag should be draped vertically
with the blue field to the north in an east-
and-west street, and to the east in a north-
The flag should never be used for a cover-
ing, drape or other utilitarian or purely dec-
orative purpose, should not be exposed in
such a way that it will be damaged or soiled.
A flag no longer a fitting emblem for dis-
play should be destroyed, preferably by
burning, "with reverence and respect."
Salute to National Flag.
The flag should be saluted when passing
in parade by the civilian removing hat and
placing at left shoulder while standing at at-
tention. Women salute by standing at atten-
tion and placing right hand over heart.
Pledge to Flag of United States.
With right hand over heart "I pledge al-
legiance to the Flag of the United States of
America and to the Republic for which it
stands. One nation, Indivisible, with liberty
and justice to all."
Meaning of Colors in Flags.
The colors in the flags of both United
States and Texas mean as follows. courage
(red), purity and liberty (white) and loyalty
(blue). The committee, headed by Oliver
Jones which in 1839 wrote the recommenda-
tions for the present Lone Star Flag of
Texas, specified that the meanings should be
peace (white), war (red), and friendship
(blue). This part of the recommendation
was not adopted by the Texas Congress
Men Who Died in the Battle of the Alamo.
Below is list of men who died in the Battle of the Alamo which ended in the slaughter of
March 6, 1836. This list was compiled by Dr. Amelia Williams, University of Texas Because
of the extraordinary circumstances attending the Battle of the Alamo and the death of the
entire force, much research has been necessary to establish a reasonably accurate list. At the
end of the following list of those known to have died in the battle are lists of (1) those who
probably died in this battle, (2) those who possibly died, (3) the couriers from the Alamo,
some of whom returned for the final conflict, and (4) possible couriers. (See p 50.)
Abamillo, Juan $Brown Robert (?) Day, Jerry C. Garnett, William
Allen, R. Buchanan, James Dearduff, William Garrand, James W.
Andross, Miles De Burns, Samuel E. *Dennison, Stephen Garrett, James Girard
Forest Butler, George D. Despallier, Charles Garvin, John E.
Autry, Micajah Campbell, Robert *Dickinson, Almaron Gaston, John E.
Bailey, Peter James *Cane, John Dillard, John H. George, James
Baker, Isaac G. Carey, William R. *Dimpkins, James R Goodrich, John Calvin
Baker, William Clark, C M Dover, Sherod J. Grimes, Alfred Calvin
Charles M. Cloud, Daniel William *Duel, Lewis Guerrero, Jose Maria
Ballentine, John J. 'Cochran, Robert *Duvalt, Andrew *Gwynne, James C.
Ballentine, Robert W. Cottle, George Espaller, Carlos *Hannum. James
Baugh, John J. Washington Esparza, Gregorio Harris, John
Bayllss, Joseph Courtman, Henry Evans, Robert Harrison, Andrew
Blair, John Crawford, Lemuel Evans, Samuel B. Jackson
Blair Samuel B. Crockett, David Ewing, James L Harrison. William B.
*Blazeby, William Crossman, Robert *Fishbaugh, William *Haskell, Charles M.
$Bonham, James Butler Cummings, David P Flanders, John Hawkins, Joseph M.
Bourne, Daniel Cunningham, Robert Floyd, Dolphin Ward Hays, John M.
Bowie, James *Damon, Squire Forsyth, John Hubbard Hendricks, Thomas
Bowman, Jesse B. *Darst, Jacob C. Fuentes, Antonio Herndon, Patrick Henry
Brown, George Davis, John Fuqua, Galva
Brown, James Day, Freeman H K. *Furtleroy, William H. (Continued Next Page.)
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Texas Almanac, 1941-1942, book, 1941; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117164/m1/71/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.