Texas Almanac, 1943-1944 Page: 46
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TEXAS ALMANAC -1943-1944.
ing prize fights in Texas, the purpose being
to prevent a scheduled bout between James
J. Corbett and Robert R. Fitzsimmons in
Culberson (Democrat) e-elected Governor
after memorable campaign in which he was
opposed by J. C. Kearby (Populist), the vote
being 298,528 to 238,692. This marked the
peak of Populist party power in Texas though
it was an active contender in campaigns for
several years thereafter.
During tie Culberson administration the
first of the famous ouster suits against the
Waters-Pierce Oil Company was brought by
Attorney General M. M. Crane on charges of
violation of the antitrust statutes that had
recently been passed by the Texas Legisla-
ture. The case was won by the state after
a fight that went to the United States Su-
Spanish-American War began. Texas played
large part, sending more than 10,000 men
into armed forces. The famous regiment of
Rough Riders commanded by Col. Leonard
Wood and Lieut. Col. Theodore Roosevelt was
organized at San Antonio.
Joseph D. Sayers became Governor, Jan.
17, served two terms, until Jan. 20, 1903.
Great rainstorm, June 27 to July 1, caused
Brazos River flood that reached all-time high
stage, with loss of more than $9,000,000 and
more than thirty lives.
Hurricane and tidal wave, Sept. 8 and 9,
destroyed Galveston with loss of lives esti-
mated at 5,000 to 7,000, and with property
damage that amounted to most of the entire
wealth of the community
Spindletop oi' well came in near Beaumont,
Jan. 10, the first or the great Texas oil fields.
It marked the beginning ot a new era of in-
dustrial development in Texas.
Two big meat packing plants built r_ Fort
Worth during this year. There had been
number of small packing plants in Texas, but
1901 marked the establishment of a major
meat packing industry and major cattle mar-
ket in Texas.
Gov. S. W. T. Lanham succeeded Governor
Sayers, Jan. 20; served two terms, until Jan.
Terrell Election Law (so-called for Judge
A. W. Terrell) passed by Twenty-Ninth Leg-
islature, instituting the popular primary elec-
tion in Texas.
First primary held under Terrell election
law, and Thomas M. Campbell elected Gov-
ernor. Under the provisions of the law this
year the popular primaries were held but at
the state convention of the Democratic party
(only party holding primary under the pro-
visions of the law) the convention vote of
each county was prorated among the several
candidates on basis of the primary election
vote, the low candidate being dropped after
each ballot in which no candidate received a
Thomas M. Campbell succeeded Governor
Lanham, Jan. 15; served two terms, until
Jan. 19, 1911.
Texas commerce suffered for a while be-
cause of the Panic of 1907.
Campbell re-elected over R. R. Williams by
vote of 202,608 to 117,459 under amended Ter-
rell election law which provided for outright
popular primary without convention balloting
of prorated primary vote. This was a one-
primary system in which the candidate re-
ceiving the highest vote, though not a ma-
jority, won the election
The question of submission of a prohibition
amendment to the people was voted on by
the people at the Democratic primary, July
25, and won by 145.530 to 141,441. However.
Legislature failed to submit the question the
following year in accordance with the election
result This election marked the beginning of
the long struggle over the prohibition issue
After a campaign in which prohibition was
the principal issue, O. B. Colquitt, opponent
of prohibition, was elected in the Democratic
primaries and general election.
Gc.. O. B. Colquitt succeeded Governor
Campbell, Jan. 19, served two terms, until
Jan. i 1915.
Prohibition submitted to vote of the people
of Texas in July and lost by 237,130 to 230,-
150, after a heated campaign
Governor Colquitt running for renomination
of Democratic party was opposed by William
F. Ramsey in a bitterly contested race on the
issue of prohibition. Colqultt won, 218,812 to
Colqultt's administration was notable for
labor legislation, including first eight-hour
labor law, first law regulating number of
hours of women workers, a child labor law,
and a workmen's compensation act. Home
rule act for cities of more than 5,000 popula-
James E. Ferguson defeated Thomas H.
Ball for Governor in the primary, 237,062 to
191.558, after a heated campaign in which
prohibition was the principal issue. Ferguson
opposed prohibition, and advocated greater
protection of tenants against landlords, a
state farm warehouse system and other farm
James E. Ferguson succeeded O. B. Col-
quitt as Governor, Jan. 19, served first and
re-elected to second term but removed front
Some of Ferguson's farm reform measures
had been enacted into law but they had been
largely set aside by the state courts. Rural
Aid for the poorer country schools was initi-
ated This was the beginning of the present-
day equalization fund.
After lengthy impeachment proceedings by
a special session of the Legislature called by
Governor Ferguson himself, he was removed
from office In September, having been found
guilty by the Senate on ten of twenty-one
Lt. Gov. William P. Hobby had succeeded
Governor Ferguson. Aug. 25. after the latter's
impeachment by the House. Hobby was elect-
ed to the following term and served until
Jan. 18, 1921.
Following entry of the United States into
World War I in April, center of attention in
Texas was on military affairs. More than
200,000 Texans went into the armed services.
and many training centers were established
ST NATIONAL BANK
S IN DALLAS
MEMBER F. D. I. C.
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Texas Almanac, 1943-1944, book, 1943; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117165/m1/48/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.