Texas Almanac, 1943-1944 Page: 54
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In other chapters of this volume attention is called to the diversity of physiographic
features, soils, climate, flora and fauna of Texas. The state was a land of contrasts in the
way of life of its aborigines, as shown by the two pictures on this page. Above is reproduc-
tion of a photograph from the A. B. Stephenson collection in the library of the University of
Texas, showing a camp of the Comanches in Northwest Texas a short time before their
removal to reservations in Indian Territory. The nomadic Comanches did not till the soil
and their structures were temporary.
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Above is a reproduction of a drawing of a Caddo Indian village by an officer of the
United States Army about 1841. (From Anthropology Museum, University of Texas.) The
Caddoes of East Texas maintained a relatively high cultural status. Their houses shown above
were of poles and wattle work of tough grass stuffed with mud. Their villages were permanent
and they grew corn and other crops.
ently not related. They were despised and
pursued by the Comanches, due probably to
their friendly relations with the white set-
tlers. They more consistently befriended the
whites than did any other Indian tribe, a
policy for which they received little reward
in the end. They were among the Indians
gathered on the lower reservation on the
Brazos, near Fort Belknap, where the rem-
nants of the Caddo tribes were placed during
the state's brief attempt to put its Indians
on reservations. Later the few remaining
Tonkawas were transferred to a federal res-
ervation at Fort Cobb in the Indian Terri-
tory. They were almost completely wiped
out by a raid by the Comanches in 1864.
Trans-Pecos Cave Dwellers.
While the greater part of the Trans-Pecos
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Texas Almanac, 1943-1944, book, 1943; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117165/m1/56/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.