Texas Almanac, 1943-1944 Page: 95
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
.v c_ = A scientific by-product of the petroleum in-
.. dustry is the new method of geophysical
WE1- E L research by which the earth's interior is
_b6 . j explored by means of vibrations set up by
-v0. = - explosions at the earth's surface.
= _ Texas Mountains---Canyons.
o o . Texas is largely a plains state. These
an - L plains vary in average altitude from the
sw .oo au o grassy Coastal Prairies, which reach a maxi-
-' o ", mum elevation of not more than fift feet
W ola .c above tidewater, to the Great Plains of North-
t' M west Texas with wide areas more than 4,000
oNV M o feet above sea level. Yet there is relatively
vens little abrupt variation of elevation of the long
-o incline between them.
o The only real mountain region of Texas is
dny --Z the Trans-Pecos where the eastern ranges of
N sc / the Rocky Mountain system cross from New
t "- L" Mexico to "Old" Mexico.* Highest are those
E of the Guadalupe range, rising to a maximum
o elevation In t Guadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet.
4- x L. W Nowhere at a more easterly point in the
- w United States is there a mountain as high.
.F ci. A sister peak, tEl Capitan, has an altitude of
-1-3 = 8,078 feet. This majestic range rises 5,000 feet
- d H above the Salt Flats at its base. It projects
S= w from New Mexico into Texas in the north-
/i, O L - western part of Culberson County. (See fol-
S-a6 . lowing Texas Altitude Guide for elevations
S v.- o of principal mountains, cities and towns.)
S 3 The Davis Mountains, centering in Jeff
J w. - a Davis County, are second in general elevation
o among Texas ranges and the highest peak,
W 30a =- Mount Livermore '(8,382), also known as
a' as e Baldy Peak and Old Baldy because of its
Le oX barren rocky summit, is the second highest
0_.- _ mountain in Texas. Sawtooth Mountain
eo (7,748) and Blue Mountain (7,330) are strik-
,u E" E0 ing eminences. Mount Locke (6,791) is sur-
od . 4 mounted by the McDonald Observatory. Of
- a -g barren aspect when viewed from the sur-
-.o rc o_ rounding plateau, the interior of the Davis
c o m Mountains, where clouds deposit more mois-
" ; ture, is green with grass and trees, especially
x =a after the rainy season. Standing on a high
S plateau, the Davis Mountains rise to an alti-
. tude of 2.500 to 3.000 feet above their base.
o 0- The Chasos Mountains (Chisos is Spanish
< -."-' for ghosts or spirits) are third in general
- W c 0me0- elevation, capped by Mount Emory (7,835)
o Zo and Lost Mine Deak (7 550). Third rank
= O w among Texas Mountains in elevation above
a a __0 0 L sea level, they rise more than one mile above
So; w the Rio Grande at their southern base. Fa-
- o _= mous in this region is the Rim Rock, a south-
facing escarpment, from which an inspiring
SW 9J '' e view of the Carmen Mountains in Mexico
o o may be obtained. The Chisos Mountains are
= m*o i the center of the Big Bend National Park
go e2..- project.
- - o The Chinati Mountains in Presidio, Eagle
- - _ -- Mountain in Hudspeth, Franklin Mountain
- 35 o - near El Paso are other notable Trans-Pecos
- c c eminences.
g., - Mountains East of the Pecos.
-> so There are no mountains east of the Pecos
o doE o 0 comparable to those to the west. Probably
. " o the east-facing Cap Rock Escarpment near
6 i HE the mouths of the Tule and Palo Duro Can.
S. I. fons, where it rises 1,000 feet, is most im-
0 pressive. The mountains above the Balcones
'o. - Escarpment and those of the Burnet-Llano
"..c area are the most notable in Central and
-e4)i a Southwestern Texas. On the rolling plains of
S0 *A common expression in Texas to distinguish
.e 01. from references to the state of New Mexico.
5a C s . tAfter years of confusion relating to the names
W a co ".*-' 0 5. of these two mountains at the end of the Guada-
$ o 0 -_ . lupe Range, the Board of Geographic Names of
. eCS - the United States Geologic Survey, at the request
a8-ai 'D. of the Texas Geographic Society, designated the
SXo -, - southernmost of these peaks, El Capitan, and the
0 - co peak a little to the north, Guadalupe. Previously,
S o c. o- they had been referred to indiscriminmately as El
- - N ce Capitan, Guadalupe and Signal Peaks. Although
' 13 3 0.g - Guadalupe is the higher, El Capitan stands more
L WIW Q)'- coo to itself and appears to be the higher to the
Z _ -O traveler on the highway at its base.
Here’s what’s next.
This book can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Book.
Texas Almanac, 1943-1944, book, 1943; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117165/m1/97/: accessed February 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.