Texas Almanac, 1943-1944 Page: 95
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.v c_ = A scientific by-product of the petroleum in-
.. dustry is the new method of geophysical
WE1- E L research by which the earth's interior is
_b6 . j explored by means of vibrations set up by
-v0. = - explosions at the earth's surface.
= _ Texas Mountains---Canyons.
o o . Texas is largely a plains state. These
an - L plains vary in average altitude from the
sw .oo au o grassy Coastal Prairies, which reach a maxi-
-' o ", mum elevation of not more than fift feet
W ola .c above tidewater, to the Great Plains of North-
t' M west Texas with wide areas more than 4,000
oNV M o feet above sea level. Yet there is relatively
vens little abrupt variation of elevation of the long
-o incline between them.
o The only real mountain region of Texas is
dny --Z the Trans-Pecos where the eastern ranges of
N sc / the Rocky Mountain system cross from New
t "- L" Mexico to "Old" Mexico.* Highest are those
E of the Guadalupe range, rising to a maximum
o elevation In t Guadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet.
4- x L. W Nowhere at a more easterly point in the
- w United States is there a mountain as high.
.F ci. A sister peak, tEl Capitan, has an altitude of
-1-3 = 8,078 feet. This majestic range rises 5,000 feet
- d H above the Salt Flats at its base. It projects
S= w from New Mexico into Texas in the north-
/i, O L - western part of Culberson County. (See fol-
S-a6 . lowing Texas Altitude Guide for elevations
S v.- o of principal mountains, cities and towns.)
S 3 The Davis Mountains, centering in Jeff
J w. - a Davis County, are second in general elevation
o among Texas ranges and the highest peak,
W 30a =- Mount Livermore '(8,382), also known as
a' as e Baldy Peak and Old Baldy because of its
Le oX barren rocky summit, is the second highest
0_.- _ mountain in Texas. Sawtooth Mountain
eo (7,748) and Blue Mountain (7,330) are strik-
,u E" E0 ing eminences. Mount Locke (6,791) is sur-
od . 4 mounted by the McDonald Observatory. Of
- a -g barren aspect when viewed from the sur-
-.o rc o_ rounding plateau, the interior of the Davis
c o m Mountains, where clouds deposit more mois-
" ; ture, is green with grass and trees, especially
x =a after the rainy season. Standing on a high
S plateau, the Davis Mountains rise to an alti-
. tude of 2.500 to 3.000 feet above their base.
o 0- The Chasos Mountains (Chisos is Spanish
< -."-' for ghosts or spirits) are third in general
- W c 0me0- elevation, capped by Mount Emory (7,835)
o Zo and Lost Mine Deak (7 550). Third rank
= O w among Texas Mountains in elevation above
a a __0 0 L sea level, they rise more than one mile above
So; w the Rio Grande at their southern base. Fa-
- o _= mous in this region is the Rim Rock, a south-
facing escarpment, from which an inspiring
SW 9J '' e view of the Carmen Mountains in Mexico
o o may be obtained. The Chisos Mountains are
= m*o i the center of the Big Bend National Park
go e2..- project.
- - o The Chinati Mountains in Presidio, Eagle
- - _ -- Mountain in Hudspeth, Franklin Mountain
- 35 o - near El Paso are other notable Trans-Pecos
- c c eminences.
g., - Mountains East of the Pecos.
-> so There are no mountains east of the Pecos
o doE o 0 comparable to those to the west. Probably
. " o the east-facing Cap Rock Escarpment near
6 i HE the mouths of the Tule and Palo Duro Can.
S. I. fons, where it rises 1,000 feet, is most im-
0 pressive. The mountains above the Balcones
'o. - Escarpment and those of the Burnet-Llano
"..c area are the most notable in Central and
-e4)i a Southwestern Texas. On the rolling plains of
S0 *A common expression in Texas to distinguish
.e 01. from references to the state of New Mexico.
5a C s . tAfter years of confusion relating to the names
W a co ".*-' 0 5. of these two mountains at the end of the Guada-
$ o 0 -_ . lupe Range, the Board of Geographic Names of
. eCS - the United States Geologic Survey, at the request
a8-ai 'D. of the Texas Geographic Society, designated the
SXo -, - southernmost of these peaks, El Capitan, and the
0 - co peak a little to the north, Guadalupe. Previously,
S o c. o- they had been referred to indiscriminmately as El
- - N ce Capitan, Guadalupe and Signal Peaks. Although
' 13 3 0.g - Guadalupe is the higher, El Capitan stands more
L WIW Q)'- coo to itself and appears to be the higher to the
Z _ -O traveler on the highway at its base.
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Texas Almanac, 1943-1944, book, 1943; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117165/m1/97/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.