Texas Almanac, 1943-1944 Page: 96
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Airplane view of the Santa Elena Canyon on the Rio Grande where it cuts through the
Mesa de Anguila to an east-facing escarpment where the river abruptly becomes a meandering
stream in a wide flat valley. The canyon at this point is about 1,600 feet deep. Right-hand
side is in the state of Chihuahua,Mexico; the left-hand side is in Texas.
Middle West and North Central Texas are the
Palo Pinto Mountains in Palo Pinto and ad-
joining counties, Brady Mountains in Mc-
Culloch, Callahan Divide extending through
Callahan, Taylor and Nolan Counties, and
other ranges. Isolated eminences, such as
Comanche Peak in Hood County, Santa Anna
Mountain in Coleman, Double Mountain in
Stonewall and Muchakooga, or Cordova Peak
in Borden, are scattered over the North Cen-
tral Plains where erosion has been resisted
through the ages by a tough bit of limestone.
Though usually only 200 to 400 feet above
surrounding country, they frequently can be
seen long distances. They served as land-
marks among the Indians and early settlers,
hence deserve the dignity of being called
In East Texas the flat-topped hills afford
some inspiring views in Cherokee, Anderson,
Rusk and contiguous counties. It is inter-
esting that parts of Rusk and Cherokee
Counties reach higher altitudes than the aver-
age of the Blackland Belt 100 miles to the
Highest Point, Town, Post Office,
Rail Station, County.
The highest point in Texas is the top of
Guadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet. It is higher than
any point in the United States east of its
meridian. The highest town in Texas is Fort
Davis, county seat of Jeff Davis County, with
an official elevation of 5,050 feet. but with
some portions more than one mile above sea
level. The highest post office in Texas is
Pine Springs, 5.634 feet (post office formerly
at Frijole, a short distance away), situated
at the base of the Guadalupe Range in Cul-
berson County. The highest railway point is
Paisano, 5,078 feet, switch station on the
Southern Pacific and Santa Fe in Presidio
County. It is the highest point on the South-
ern Pacific between the Gulf and the Pacific.
(Neither Pine Springs nor Paisano could prop-
erly be called a "town.") While Culberson
County has the highest point in Texas, the
highest county, judged by average elevation,
is Jeff Davis, little of which is less than one
mile above sea level.
Canyons of Texas.
The erosion that has created most of the
mountains of Texas has also created some
canyons, remarkable for their depth and
beauty. They are found principally in five
areas as follows:
1. There are the canyons formed by the
spring-fed streams that flow from the Ed-
wards Plateau. Beginning in the interior of
the plateau, they deepen as they approach
the Balcones Escarpment. Most notable of
these are the canyons of the Frio, Nueces,
Sabinal, Medina, Guadalupe and Devils Rivers.
Above Austin the Colorado flows through
some remarkable gorges,
2. Similar canyons are formed where the
streams flow from the Llano Estacado. or
Staked Plains, to the east-facing escarpment
usually referred to as "the Cap Rock." Most
notable of these is the Palo Duro Canyon on
the main channel of the Red River. The gorge
of the Canadian immediately below Amarillo,
Tule Canyon, a branch of the Red. and the
upper courses of the Brazos are among the
canyons of this region.
3. There are the characteristically short
mountain canyons of the Guadalupe and Davis
ranges. The McKittrick Canyon in the Guada-
lupe region is one of the most beautiful in
the Southwest. Pine Springs Canyon and
others cut the eastern side of the range. In
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Texas Almanac, 1943-1944, book, 1943; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117165/m1/98/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.