Texas Almanac, 1945-1946 Page: 87
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STATE MOTTO-OTHER ADOPTIONS AND DESIGNATIONS. 87
should not be used as a drape to cover a
speaker's platform, should not be draped
over the hood, sides or rear of a motorcar,
train, boat or other vehicle of transportation;
should not be allowed to touch the ground;
should not be used as covering for a ceiling,
should not be used as any portion of a cos-
tume or athletic uniform, should not be em-
broidered on cushions or handkerchiefs or
printed on boxes or paper napkins; should
not have any printing or lettering of any kind
on it; must not have any advertisement
placed on it, or flagpole, or be used in any
way for advertising purposes; should not be
used in any way purely as decoration. When
carried on automobile or float, it should be
with staff firmly fixed to radiator cap or
chassis. It should not be displayed, used or
stored in such manner that it will be easily
soiled or damaged. When the Texas flag is
in such condition that it is no longer a suit-
able emblem for display, it should be de-
stroyed, preferably by burning, "with the
spirit of respect and reverence which all
Texans owe the emblem."
In addition to the foregoing from the stat-
ute of the Forty-Third Legislature, Acts of
the Legislature of 1917 (third called session,
p. 81), provide a penalty for disfiguring the
Texas flag in any way. using it for advertis-
ing or commercial purposes by printing on it,
or the flagpole, or otherwise.
Meaning of Colors in Flags.
The colors in the flags of both United
States and Texas mean as follows courage
(red). purity and liberty (white) and loyalty
(blue). The committee, headed by Oliver
Jones, which in 1839 wrote the recommenda-
tions for the present Lone Star Flag of
Texas, specified that the meanings should be
peace (white), war (red), and friendship
(blue). However, this part of the recommen-
dation was not adopted by the Texas Con-
gress, and the meanings of the colors in the
national and state flags arc commonly ac-
cepted as being identical.
Salute to National Flag.
The flag should be saluted when passing
in parade by the civilian removing hat and
placing at left shoulder while standing at at-
tention Women salute by standing at atten-
tion and placing right hand over heart.
Pledge to Flag of United States.
With right hand over heart' "I pledge al-
legiance to the flag of the United States of
America and to the Republic for which ft
stands. One nation, indivisible, with liberty
and justice to all."
Pledge to the Texas Flag.
An act of the Forty-Third Legislature, 1933,
provides the following pledge to the Texas
"Honor the Texas flag;
We pledge our loyalty to thee-
Texas, one and indivisible "
Texas State Motto, Flower,
State Motto.-The state motto of Texas is
"Friendship." The word, Texas, or Tejas,
was the Spanish pronunciation of a Caddo
Indian word meaning "friends" or "allies."
(See p. 50.) (Acts of 1930, fourth called ses-
sion of Forty-First Legislature, page 105 )
State Song.-The state song of Texas is
"Texas, Our Texas," the music of which was
written by William J. Marsh, Fort Worth,
Texas, and the words by Mr. Marsh and
Gladys Yoakum Wright, also of Fort Worth.
It was adopted as the result of an award
offered by the Legislature. (Acts of 1929,
first called session, Forty-First Legislature,
page 286.) (See also statement relative to
the University of Texas song, "Eyes of
Texas," under the heading, "Unofficially
State Tree.-The stately pecan is the state
tree of Texas. It has long been the most
popular of Texas trees, but the sentiment
that led to its official adoption probably grew
out of the request of Gov. James Stephen
Hogg that a pecan tree be planted at his
grave. (Acts of 1919, Thirty-Sixth Legisla-
ture, regular session, page 155, also Acts of
1927, Fortieth Legislature, page 234.)
State Flower.-The state flower of Texas is
the bluebonnet, also called buffalo clover,
wolf flower, "el conejo" (the rabbit). Scien-
tifically, it is Lupinus texensis. Lupinus
subcarnosus is closely related and is accepted
also as the state flower in those parts of the
state where it grows. It was adopted by the
State Legislature at the request of the Society
of Colonial Dames of America in Texas. (Acts
of 1901, regular session of Twenty-Seventh
Legislature, page 323 )
State Flower Song.-In addition to the state
song given above, there is a state flower song
of Texas, "Bluebonnets." Words are by Julia
D. Booth and music by Lora C. Crockett.
(Acts of 1933, Forty-Third Legislature, regu-
lar session, page 930.) This is not to be con-
sidered as a second, state song but as a song
honoring the state flower.
State Bird.-The mockingbird is the offi-
cially recognized state bird of Texas, adopted
by the Legislature at the request of the Texas
Federation of Women's Clubs, (Acts of 1927,
Song and Other Designations
Fortieth Legislature, regular session, page
State Seal.-The seal of the State of Texas
consists of "a star of five points, encircled
by olive and live oak branches, and the
words, 'The State of Texas.' " (State Con-
stitution, Art. IV, Sec. 19.) The state seal is
a slight modification of the Great Seal of the
Republic of Texas, first adopted by the Con-
gress of the Republic, Dec. 10, 1836, and re-
adopted with modifications in 1839. It is said
that, when the need of a seal first arose,
Provisional Governor Henry Smith made the
imprint with a large brass button cut from
his overcoat, the button having a five-point
star and wreath of oak leaves. Later the
olive branch was added to signify "peace" as
well as "strength."
There has been no official adoption by the
state of any animal other than the mocking-
bird. However, the Longhorn, adopted by
University of Texas, the Mustang, adopted by
Southern Methodist University, the Horned
Frog, adopted by Texas Christian University.
are rather widely recognized as specifically
"Texan," and as being common property of
all Texans. The chaparral bird, also known
as the roadrunner and Paisano, is a favorite
and was the adopted bird of the Centennial
Exposition of 1936.
The adopted song of the University of
Texas, "The Eyes of Texas," is also fre-
quently sung at public gatherings. It is
usually sung by a standing audience and has
a measure of recognition as a state song.
Origin of this song is as follows: William
Lamdin Prather, president of the University
of Texas, 1899-1906, frequently said to the
students, "The eyes of Texas are upon you."
The University Glee Club. in pranking mood
on an occasion when President Prather was
present, sang a song, using this phrase,
which had been written by a student, John
Lang Sinclair, to the tune of "I've Been
Working on the Railroad (Levee)". Grad-
ually it became the adopted song of the uni-
versity and is now a popular song on public
occasions throughout the state.
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Texas Almanac, 1945-1946, book, 1945; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117166/m1/89/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.