Texas Almanac, 1945-1946 Page: 90
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Landmarks of Texas History-Ghost Towns, Old Buildings,
Memorials, Monuments and Markers
The procession of the Six Flags has left
many historic sites throughout Texas In
some instances, old mission buildings, forts,
residences or other structures stand as re-
minders of the heroism of those who partici-
pated in the epic of Texas. In other instances
only written record or tradition identifies the
Until recent years Texas was laggard in
preserving these landmarks and marking the
sites of those that had been destroyed. How-
ever, under the program of the *Commission
of Control for the Texas Centennial Celebra-
tion of 1936, many of these landmarks were
repaired or restored, monuments and markers
were erected and museums constructed for
the peservation of historic relics. Since that
date there has been Increased local interest
in preserving historic edifices and marking
historic sites, though, because of World War
conditions, relatively little attention has been
given these places during the last few years,
though many of them are directly connected
with the Centennial of Statehood observance.
In Historic San Antonio.
First among the landmarks of Texas are,
of course, the Alamo in San Antonio and the
San Jacinto Battlefield near Houston. The
Alamo, "Cradle of Texas Liberty," and the
ether old mission structures at San Antonio
constitute, in every respect, one of the inter-
esting and remarkable historic building
groups in the United States. (See p. 51.)
In the park that surrounds the tAlamo is a
museum housing relics of the memorable
Battle of the Alamo and other events of the
period of Revolution and Republic. In San
Antonio, honoring the heroes of the Alamo
stands the Cenotaph, a monument erected by
the Centennial Control Commission at a cost
of $100.000. Of gray marble and pink granite,
it is one of the most impressive of the cen-
tennial structures. On its sides are inscribed
the names of all who fell at the Alamo.
In San Antonio is a large number of
structures connected with the momentous
events of the colonial and revolutionary
periods of Texas history. Mention is made
of the more important of these under
"Bexar" in the alphabetical list of counties
that follows. They lend to San Antonio a
distinctiveness of character that is possessed
by few if any other cities of the country.
San Jacinto Battlefield.
On San Jacinto Battlefield, beside the Ship
Channel below Houston, stands the San Ja-
cinto Monument, rising 570 feet 4 inches
from grade to top, the "tallest stone monu-
ment in the world." This shaft commemo-
rating the victory of the Texans under Sam
Houston over the Mexican Army under Santa
Anna (see p. 60) is of reinforced concrete
faced with Texas golden buff limestone. The
base of the monument houses the San Jacinto
AA report of this work can be fourd in the
illustrated book, Monuments Commemorating the
Centenary of Texas Independence, compiled under
direction of Pat M Neff, Walter F Woodul and
L. W. Kemp, publication committee for the Com-
misaion of Control.
The Alamo was purchased by the state in
1883. Only the chapel building was acquired at
the time, however; and it was not until 1905 that
the state came into possession of the adjoining
-uins of the old barracks where the major part
of the Battle of the Alamo was fought. IE 1932
additional land was bought by the state and a
state park was established surrounding the
Alamo. The last two purchases were made largely
through the efforts of the Daughters of the
Republic of Texas and Mrs Clara Driscoll who,
as a schoolgirl, began her fight to save the
Museum of History. On the interior walls
are inscribed the names of all in the Texas
Army under Gen. Sam Houston at San Ja-
cinto Battle. The battlefield lying about the
monument is appropriately marked. Erection
of the monument and landscaping of the bat-
tlefield was done at a cost of $1,868,000 of
state and federal funds as part of the centen-
nial program of 1936.
At San Jacinto the charging Texans cried,
"Remember the Alamo, Remember Goliad,"
and thus the three events-San Jacinto, the
Alamo and Goliad-have become forever
linked in the mind of the patriotic Texan.
At Gollad the state established the Goliad
State Park many years ago. This was im-
proved during the centennial year program,
and, in addition, there was erected a Goliad
Memorial auditorium and stadium. Here, too.
is erected the great Goliad monument and
monolith of Texas granite, and here are In-
scribed the names of those who were killed
at Goliad, March 27, 1836. (See p. 59.)
The fourth of the outstanding points on the
history map of Texas Is Washington-on-the-
Brazos in the eastern part of Washington
County. Washington State Park, on the high-
way between Brenham and Navasota, is the
sit ae of the pioneer town where Texas' inde-
pendence was declared, March 2, 1836. Here
the Centennial Control Commission of 1936
erected a statue of George Campbell Chil-
dress, chairman of the committee f five who
drafted the Texas Declaration of Independ-
ence, and is accepted by most authorities as
the author of the Texas Declaration. A replica
of the house in which the independence ses-
sion was held has been erected here, and the
old Anson Jones home was repaired and
brought to this site. An auditorium and am-
phitheater were built here also by the com-
OTHER LANDMARKS OF HISTORY
In the foregoing pargraphs are mentioned
the four outstanding landmarks of Texas his-
tory, and monuments erected to them. Fol-
lowing are brief comments on some of the
other noteworthy landmarks of Texas history,
arranged alphabetically according to county
in which located:
ANDERSON' On State Highway No. 7, one
mile west of Elkhart is the Pilgrim Predesti-
narian Regular Baptist Church, organized in
Illinois in 1833 by Elder Daniel Parker. First
meeting held in Austin's Colony, Jan. 20,
1834. Log church built, 1839. Present church
is fourth on the site. Continuous worship
since 1834. Old graveyard of pioneers ad
Roins. Two miles west of Palestine on U. S.
Highway 79 s site of Fort Houston, which Is
now part of the historic home of John H.,
Reagan. It was a fort and stockade built
about 1836 on the public square of Houston,
then in Houston County, by order of Gen
Sam Houston. Town abandoned in 1846 when
Palestine made county seat of Anderson
County. Fort was abandoned about 1841.
ARANSAS: Home of George W. Fulton,
who fought in the Texan Army, later cattle
baron. Old town of Fulton named for him.
First sizable meat-packing industry in Texas
was operated at this old port. Old port of
Copano Landing was located in this county.
ARMSTRONG: Site of the old Goodnight
Ranch is marked. Established in 1876 by
Charles Goodnight, first ranch in Texas Pan-
AUSTIN: At Industry is site of the first
permanent German settlement in Texas,
founded in 1831 by Friedrich Ernst, who died
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Texas Almanac, 1945-1946, book, 1945; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117166/m1/92/?q=CHILDRESS: accessed June 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.