Texas Almanac, 1949-1950 Page: 53
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STATE CONSTITUTION. 5
Article Ill I.-(Continued.)
while attending a special session of the Leg-
islature. This amendment shall become ef-
fective January 1, 1951.
[Note.-The foregoing Sec. 28 of Art. III was
amended to provide for the Legislative Redistrict-
Ing Board of Texas, this action being taken be-
cause of failure of past Legislatures to obey the
mandate in the original Sec. 28 to redistrict the
state after each decennial census. Submitted hv
Fiftieth Legislature (1947) and adopted Nov. 2,
Sec. 29. Enacting Clause.-The enacting
clause of all laws shall be: "Be it enacted by
the Legislature of the State of Texas."
Sec. 30. Laws to Be Passed by Bill: Amend.
ments.-No law shall be passed, except by
bill, and no bill shall be so amended in its
assage through either house as to change
ts original purpose.
Sec. 31. Bills May Originate in Either
House and May Be Amended or Rejected by
the Other House.-Bills may originate in
either house, and when passed by such house
may be amended, altered or rejected by the
Sec. 32. Bills to Be Read on Three Several
Days: Suspension of Rule.-No Bill shall
have the force of a law until it has been read
on three several days in each house, and free
discussion allowed thereon; but in cases of
Imperative public necessity (which necessity
shall be stated In a preamble or in the body
of the bill) four fifths of the house in which
the bill may be pending may suspend this
rule, the yeas and nays being taken on the
question of suspension and entered upon the
Sec. 33. Bills for Raising Revenue.-All
bills for raising revenue shall originate in
the House of Representatives, but the Senate
may amend or reject them as other bills.
Sec. 34. Bill or Resolution Defeated, Not
to Be Considered Again.-After a bill has
been considered and defeated by either house
of the Legislature, no bill containing the
same substance shall be passed into a law
during the same session. After a resolution
has been acted on and defeated, no resolu-
tion containing the same substance shall be
considered at the same session.
Sec. 35. Bills to Contain but One Subject,
Which Must Be Expressed in Title.-No bill
(except general appropriation bills, which
may embrace the various subjects and ac-
counts for and on account of which moneys
are appropriated) shall contain more than
one subject, which shall be expressed in its
title. But if any subject shall be embraced
in an act which shall not be expressed in the
title such act shall be void only as to so
much thereof as shall not be so expressed.
Sec. 36. Reviving o Amending Laws.--No
law shall be revived or amended by reter-
ence to Its title: but in such case the act
revived, or the section or sections amended,
shall be re-enacted and published at length.
Sec. 37. Reference to Committees.-No bill
shall be considered unless it has been first
referred to a committee and reported there-
on, and no ill shall be passed wnich has
not been presented ana referred to and re-
ported from a committee at least three days
efore the final adjournment of the Legisia-
See. 38. Signing Bills.-The presiding offi-
cer iAt each house shall, in the presence of
th.e house Jvei which he presides, sign all
biiih and oln resolutions passe' by the
Legislature. after their LItleb have oeei. D i-
licly read before signing and the fact of
signing shall be entered on the journals.
Sec. 39. When Laws Take Effect.-No la*
passed by the Legislature, except the gen-
eral appropriation act, shall take effect us
go into force until ninety days after the
adjournment of the session at which it was
enacted, unless in case of an emergency
which emergency must be expressed in a
preamble or in the body of the act, the
Legislature shall, by a vote of two thirds of
all the members elected to each house, oth-
erwise direct: said vote to be taken by
yeas and nays, and entered upon the journals
Sec. 40. Business and Duration of Special
Sessions.-When the Legislature shall be
convened in special session, there shall be
no legislation upon subiects other than those
designated in the proclamation of the Gov-
ernor calling such session, or presented to
them by the Governor: and no such session
shall be of longer duration than thirty days
Sec. 41. Elections: Votes, How Taken.-In
all elections by the Senate and House of
Representatives, Jointly or separately, the
vote shall be given viva voce, except in the
election of their officers.
Requirements and Limitations.
Sec. 42. To Pass Necessary Laws.-The
Legislature shall pass such laws as may be
necessary to carry into effect the provisions
of this Constitution.
Sec. 43. Revision and Publication of Laws.
-The first session of the Legislature under
this Constitution shall provide for revising.
digesting and publishing the laws, civil and
criminal; and a like revision, digest and
publication may be made every ten years
thereafter; provided, that in the adoption
of and giving effect to any such digest or
revision the Legislature shall not be limited
by Secs. 35 and 36 of this article.
Sec. 44. Compensation of Officers: Pay-
ment of Claims.-The Legislature shall pro-
vide by law for the compensation of all
officers. servants, agents and public contrac-
tors, not provided for in this Constitution.
but shall not grant extra compensation to
any officer, agent, servant or public contrac
tors, after such public service shall have
been performed or contract entered into for
the performance of the same; not grant, by
appropriation or otherwise, any amount of
money out of the Treasury of the State, to
any individual, on a claim, real -r pretended.
when the same shall not have been provided
for by pre-existing law, nor employ any one
in the name of the State, atless authorized
by pre-existing law.
Sec. 45. Change of Venue.--The power to
change the venue in civil and criminal rases
shall be vested in the courts. to be exer-
cised in such manner as shall be provided
by law; and the Legislature shall pass laws
for that purpose.
See. 46. Legislature Shall Enact Vagrant
Laws.-'he Legislature shall, at its first
session after the adoption of this Cunstltu
tion, enact etffe-tive vagrant laws.
Sec. 47. Lotteries Shall Be Prohibited.-
the Legislature shall pass laws prohibiting
the establishment )f lotteries and gift enter-
prises in this State, as well as the sale of
tickets in lotteries, gif enterprises or other
evasions involving the lottery principle.
established or exist log in cthea States.
Sec. 48. Power to Levy Taxes Limited.-
The Legis;ature shall not have the right to
levy taxes or Impose burdens upon the people
except to raise revenue sufficient for the
economical administration of the government.
in which nay be included the following
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Texas Almanac, 1949-1950, book, 1949; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117167/m1/55/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.