Texas Almanac, 1949-1950 Page: 67
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STATE CONSTITUTION. 67
Article VI.-(Continued): Article VIe.
tax receipt, he or she. a. the case may be.
shall be entitled t.: vott; upon making affi
davit before any officer authorized to ad-
minister oaths that such tax receipt has been
lost. Such affidavit shall be made in writing
and left with the judge of the election. The
husband may pay the poll tax of his wife and
receive the receipt therefor In like manner
the wife may pay the poll tax of her hus-
band and receive the receipt therefor The
Legislature may authorize absentee voting.
Ard this provisin o the Constitution shall
be self-enacting without the necessity of fur-
[Noe.-The foregoing Sec 2 of Art VI has
been amended four times, as follows: (1, To in-
clude provision that declaration of foreigner must
be filed at least six months before election to en-
able him to vote in such election. Submitted by
Twenty-Fourth Legislature (1895), ratified in an
election Nov 3. 1896. and declared adopted Dec.
18, 1896. (2) To make poll tax receipt certificate
of registration for voting. Submitted by Twenty-
Seventh Legislature (1901), ratified in an election
Nov. 4 1902 and declared adopted Dec. 26, 1902.
13) To provide for woman suffrage. Submitted by
Thirty-Sixth Legislature (1919) and ratified by
election of May 24, 1919. (4) To limit suffrage to
citizens- allowing husband or wife to pay poll tax
for other; authorizing absentee voting. Submitted
by Thirty-Seventh Legislature (1921) and ratified
at election July 23. 1921 1
Sec. 2-a. Poll Tax Exemption for War Vet-
erans; Exceptions.-Nothing In this Con-
stitution shall be construed to require any
person, who at the time of the holding of an
election hereinafter referred to is, or who.
within eighteen months immediately prior to
the time of holding any such election was.
a member of the armed forces of the United
States or of the Armed Forces Reserve of the
United States. o of any branch or component
part of such armed forces or Armed Force Re-
serre, or the United States Maritime Service
or the United States Merchant Marine. and
who is otherwise a qualified voter under the
laws and Constitution of this State, to pay a
poll tax or to hold a receipt for any poll tax
assessed against him. as a condition preced-
ent to his right to vote in any election held
under the authority of the laws of this State.
during the time the United States is engaged
in fighting a war, or within one year after
the close of the calendar year in which said
war Is terminated
Provided, however, that the foregoing pro-
visions of this section do not confer the right
to vote upon any person who is a member of
the regular establishment of the United
States Army. Navy. or Marine Corps: and
provided further, that all persons in the
armed forces of the United States, or the
component branches thereof. not members
of the regular establishment of the United
States Army. Navy, or Marine Coips, are
hereby declared not to be disqualified from
voting by reason of any provision of sub-
section "Fifth" of Section 1. of this Article.
[Note.-The foregoing Sec. 2-a of Art. VI, an
amendment, was added to give World War II
veterans exemption from payment of the poll tax,
and to further define last paragraph of Sec. 1.
Submitted by the Forty-Ninth Legislature and
adopted in an election Aug. 25, 1945.]
Sec. 3. Electors in Towns and Cities; Only
Property Taxpayers to Vote in Certain In-
stances.-All qualified electors of the State,
as herein described, who shall have resided
for six months immediately preceding an
election within the limits of any city or cor-
porate town. shall have the right to vote for
Mayor and all other elective office s, but in
all elections to determine expenditure of
money or assumption of debt, only those shall
be qualified to vote who pay taxes on prop-
erty in said city or incorporated town: pro-
lided, that no poll tax for the payment of
debts thus incurred shall be levied upon the
persons debarred from voting in relation
Sec 3-a. Only Those Who Have Rendered
Property for Taxation May Vote in Bond
Elections.-When an election is held by any
county, or any number of counties, or any
political subdivision of the State, or any
political subdivision of a county, or any de-
fined district now or hereafter to be de-
scribed and defined within the State and
which may or may not include towns, vil-
lages or municipal corporations, or any city.
town or village, for the purpose of Issuing
bonds or otherwise lending credit, or expend-
ing money or assuming any debt. only quali-
fied electors who own taxable property in the
State, county, political subdiusion. district.
city. town or village where such election is
held. and who have duly rendered the same
for taxation, shall be qualified to vote and all
electors shall vote in the election precinct of
[Note.-The foregoing Sec. 3-a of Art. VI. an
amendment. was added for the purpose of limit-
ing voters participating min bond elections to those
who have rendered property for taxation. Submit-
ted by the Forty-Second Legislature (1931) and
adopted min an election Nov. 8, 1932. proclaimed
Jan. 9. 1933.]
Sec. 4. Election by Ballot; Registration in
Cities of 10,000 Inhabitants or More.-In all
elections by the people the rote shall be by
ballot, and the Legislature shall provide for
the numbering of tickets and make such other
regulations as may be necessary to detect
and punish fraud and preserve the purity of
the ballot box: and the Legislature may pro-
vide by law for the registration of all voters
in all cities containing a population of ten
thousand inhabitants or more.
[Note.-The foregoing Sec 4 of Art. VI is an
amended section, the provision for the registration
of voters in cities of 10.000 or more population
havmn been added. The original section provided
that 'No law shall ever be enacted requiring a
registration of the voters of this State." Submit-
ted by Twenty-Second Legislature (1891). ratified
in an election Aug. 11, 1891, and declared adopted
Sept. 22. 1891 1
Sec. 5. Voters Privileged From Arrest.-
Voters shall. in all cases except treason,
felony or breach of the peace, be privileged
from arrest during their attendance at elec-
tions and in going to and returning there-
PUBLIC FREE SCHOOLS.
Sec. 1. Public Schools to Be Established.-
A general diffusion of knowledge being essen-
tial to the preservation of the liberties and
rights of the people, it shall be the duty of
the Legislature of the State to establish and
make suitable provision for the support and
maintenance of an efficient system of public
Sec. 2. Provisions Governing the Levy and
Collection of Taxes for the Support of the
Public Free Schools.-All funds, lands and
other property heretofore set apart and ap-
propriated for the support of public schools.
all the alternate sections of land reserved by
the State out of grants heretofore made or
that may hereafter be made to railroads or
other corporations, of any nature whatsoever.
one half of the public domain of the State.
and all sums of money that may come to the
State from the sale of any portion of the same
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Texas Almanac, 1949-1950, book, 1949; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117167/m1/69/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.