[Map of Trading Posts in Big Bend, Texas 1916-1930] Metadata

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  • Added Title Trading posts on the Texas side of the Big Bend in 1916-1930. Map
  • Main Title [Map of Trading Posts in Big Bend, Texas 1916-1930]


  • Cartographer: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Digitized: 2006-04-10


  • English


  • Content Description: Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing trading posts on the Rio Grande River from El Paso to Eagle Pass, Texas. It includes two lists: "Trading Posts on the Texas Side of the Big Bend in 1916-30" and "Settlements in the Juarez Area." It also has notes near the bottom of the map that say "The trade area was an 80 mile radius from the Rio Grande. Several days travel by burro or horse. Most towns or villages shown were in the news during the border trouble days" and "Most of this part of Mexico and the Big Bend Country is rough mountains.
  • Physical Description: 1 map ; 28 x 35 cm.


  • University of North Texas Libraries Browse Structure: Landscape and Nature - Geography and Maps
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Mexican-American Border Region -- History -- 20th Century.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Trading posts -- Texas -- History.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Mexico -- Chihuahua -- History -- Maps.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Mexico -- Coahuila -- History -- Maps.
  • Keyword: Big Bend
  • Keyword: trading posts

Primary Source

  • Item is a Primary Source


  • Time Period: new-sou
  • Start Date: 1916
  • End Date: 1930
  • Place Name: United States - Texas
  • Place Name: Mexico
  • Place Box: northlimit=32.091262; eastlimit=-100.023010; southlimit=28.359340; westlimit=-106.886719;


  • Name: Rescuing Texas History, 2006
    Code: SG06


  • Name: Bryan Wildenthal Memorial Library (Archives of the Big Bend)
    Code: ABB


  • Rights Access: public

Resource Type

  • Map


  • Image


  • Call Number: M 912.72(12)
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metapth11953


  • Digital Preservation: creationAppName: Adobe Photoshop creationAppVersion: 7 creationHardware: BetterLight Super8K
  • Display Note: Additional biographical notes about the cartographer: W. D. Smithers, born in Mexico in 1895, was a photographer, amateur historian and botanist, and free-lance journalist of the Big Bend area of Texas. Between 1914 and 1919, he served with the U. S. Army in the Big Bend, first as a civilian muleteer, then as a wagon master. He later was an aerial photographer of the area and in the 1930s photographed the entire U. S. border with Mexico for the International Boundary and Water Commission. From 1936 to 1974, he operated a photography shop in Alpine, Texas, where he became known for lamp shades made of photographs. He recorded life along the Mexican border between 1914 and 1974 in maps, pictures, and a memoir, Chronicles of the Big Bend.