The Texas Almanac for 1858 Page: 19
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HORTICULTURE AND CHRONOLOGY. 17d
HOi@TIU]LTIRiE FOR JULY.
During this month there will be but little planting to be done, as the weather generally is too
dry; but, should there be showery weather, Sweet Potatoes may still be planted for late crops with
every prospect of success. We have at times planted in July and had the finest yield of the
Plow and hill up all crops that require it. Plant Cucumber, Squash and Musk Melons, for the
last crop: also make up a few hills for Tomatoes, and, instead of plants half grown, use seed,
planting four or five seeds in each hill, thus dispensing with the nursery-bed. When they come
up, and as soon as they are strong enough to withstand the attacks of insects, they may be
thinned out, leaving from one to three good strong plants in each hill.
Irish Potatoes may now be planted for a fall crop. Budding may still be done. All trees pre-
viously budded may now be entirely unbound.
The seed of plants which are now ripe enough should be gathered in, which is best to be done
early in the day before the sun has entirely dried off all the moisture left by the dew of the'pre-
ceding night. If the seed, being fully ripe, is gathered in at this time, it will not shed out so-
much in handling as if gathered during the warmer part of the day.
The Cucumber is indigenous to the East Indies; the varieties are numerous.. Those princi-
pally grown are the Early Frame and Long Green Prickly. ' The early Frame is of moderate
length, and generally used as the early crop for salad. The Long G'reen is mostly grown for
pickling. All the varieties are very tender; not bearing the least frost. Squash is from the Levant,
of which there are several, species. Those preferred are the Bush or .Patty-pan-shaped, and the
Long Green Croolk-neclked. The former is the earliest.
Melons delight in, light land well manured. The mode of culture is very similar to that of the
Cucumber. They are all'quite tender, and should not be planted until fear of frost has ceased.
Of the Water Melons, the most esteemed are the Mountain Sprout and Mountain Sweet. The
latter, though of moderate size, is sweet and melting.
The Citron Melon and Turk's Cap Citron are varieties of the old Nutmeg, and are perhapathe
best of their class. The lighter the soil the higher will be the flavor.
July 1., 1822-Baron de Bastrop is appointed commissioner to apportibn the land in Austin's
Colony to the colbnists.
July 26, 1622-Governor Garcia gives the name of" San Felipe de Austin" to the place selected
as the cap ial of the colony.
July 27, 1!29-Barradas, with 4000 men, having sailed from Havana, lands at Tampico, for
the purpose of re-establishing Spainish power in yMexico; but he was compelled to surrender
on the 10th of September following.
July 29-, 18P29--Slaery abolished by a decree throughout Mexico, but the law was evaded
by the colonists of Texas, who then introduced slaves under the name of "indentured
July 1, ,.836-General Austin returns to Texas and visits Santa Anna in Columbia, where
the latter had been taken while a prisoner, when be proposed to Austin the friendly media-
tion of the Government of the United States, and with that view addresses a letter to Presi-
July It, 136 -General Gaines is ordered by President Jackson to cross the boundary into
fexas, should he deem it necessary, to keep the Indians in check. The United States army
was accordingly moved to Nacogdoches the latter part of this year.
July 14,1 18 I6-President Burnt issues a proclamation stopping the practice of impressment
in the army which had become burdensome to the people. T16 same day, General Lamar
reaches'the head-quarters of the army, having been appointed, by the executive and cabinet,
commander-in-chief, which post, however, he soon vacated, owing to dissatisfaction among the
ranks, in his superseding GeneraljRusk, who was at that time in command.
July tM, 18(36i-'Ihe American minister at .Mexico is directed to lay the claims of the United
States before that government, and, if no satisfactory answer is received within the space of
three weeks, to declare that, unless those claims are adjusted without delay, his further
residence there will be useless.
July -3, 183 6-President Burnet, issues his proclamation for the election of President and
Vice-President, and for representatives to the 'first Congress in Texas, unpigr the new Con-
stitution ; also to decide upon the adoption or rejection of that Constitution, and likewise
upon the question of annexation to the United States...
July 6i, 137-Ge eral M1. Hunt presents his credentials to the President of thlie United States,
as Minister from Texas, with instructions to try and carry out the measure of annexation.
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The Texas Almanac for 1858, book, 1857; Galveston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123764/m1/20/: accessed February 15, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.