The Texas Almanac for 1858 Page: 21
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HORTICULTURE AND CHRONOLOGY. 21
THORITIC LTUJRE FOR AJG-[ST.
During this month, if the weather should be favorable, it will be well to sow a good piece of
ground in Turnips: for this purpose let selection be made of a plot of ground that has been
well manured for some of your last fall or early spring crops Plow or dig it up thoroughly
during the latter part of July; if it is turned up twice, or even three times, so much the better.
About the second week in the month the seed may be sown in drills about two feet apart and
an inch deep. The Red-top Turnip is the best at this season, as it is able to withstand the
drought better than any other variety. A light roller may be drawn over the ground after
planting, pressing the earth close to the seed, and thus forwarding the process of germination.
Bush Beans may now be planted, also-Long Scarlet Radish. Creole Cabbage-seed, Carrot and
Celery may now be sown in cool, shaded borders: they should be watered night and morning if
the ground is very dry. They may also be covered with light brush to keep off the birds.
Plant Bush Squash, Cucumbers and Irish Potatoes for a complete fall crop. It will generally
be found that the Turnips planted at this season are troubled with a species of fly, which, unless
the seed is sown very thick, will devour the entire crop as soon as it makes its appearance above
ground. To obtate this, Hlorticulturists recommend that the seed be steeped in sulphur-water
made in the proportions of an ounce of sulphur to a pint of water, which will be sufficient to wash
about three pounds of seed. CARROT..
The Carrot is a hardy biennial. The root of the plant in its wild state is small, dry, sickly,
of a white color, ant strong-flavored.
SThe principal varieties are the Long Orange, best for the main crop; the Early Horn, for early
summer use; and the Altringham and Large White, for field-culture.
The cultivation of all the varieties is the same. The plant requires a deeply dug or plowed
soil, in good tilth, otherwise the root is apt toabranch or become forked. For the early supply,
drill the seed (allowing 12 or 14 inches' space between the drills) in a warm, protected border, any
time during spring: the main Vop need not be put in before its close. When the plants are'up
two or three inches in growth, they will require thinning and cleaning from weeds, either by
hand or small hoeing; thin from threeto five inches' distance such as are designed for drawing
in young and middling growth; but the main crop, intended for large and full-sized roots, thin
to six or eight inches' distance: keep the whole clean from weeds in their advancing young
To preserve them during the winter, remove them to the cellar, and pile them up with alter-
nate layers of earth or sand; and they may be placed in heaps in the garden, with sufficient
soil over them to exclude frost.
August 30, 121-Austin leaves San Antonio with a gride and nine companions, and pro.
ceeded to explore the Guadalupe River down to the bay. He then proceeded along the coast
to the mouth of the Colorado, then went up between the Colorado and Brazos Rivers, and
then decided upon the territory he would select for his colony.
Aug. 2, 1836-The Teletraph Newspaper reappeared in Columbia, after being driven from
San Felipe by the Mexicans,(wbere it was first started fi October, 1835,) tsdHarrisburg, and
there torn down and its materials destroyed by the enemy, since which it has been regu-
Aug. 9, 1836-Austin is nominated to the Presidency of Texas under the new Constitution.
Aung. 20 18.56-General Houston is nominated to the Presidency - a meeting at Columbia.
In this month was discovered a plot for the release of Santa Anna, whereupon both Santa
Anna and Almonte were put in close confinement. While thus confined, Santa Anna writes
to President Jackson, expressing his.wlllingness to fulfil all his stipulations entered into
with General Houston but urging the necessity of his being first liberated, that he. might
act free, in order thereby to make his acts valid. He said the term of his office would expire
the 1st of.March 1837, and that whatever he could do must be done previous to that time.
Aug. 27, 1~36---9stimated population of Texas by Morfit writing to Forsyth who gives the
aggregate as 62,670, composing 30,000 Anglo-Americans, 341lexicans, 14,00 Indians and
Au*4 18: -General M. Hunt addresses a long communication to the Government of the
United States, urging the important advantages of annexation to that Government, to which
President Van Buren replies, rejecting the proposition as inconsistent with the friendly
,relations subsisting between the United States and Mexico.
Ang. 25, 1~37-- l Birtus and Invincible arrive off the bar at Galveston with a Mexican
schooner in tow, captured near the 'Banks of Campeach . ' The Brutus enters the harbor
with the prize; bit the Invincible, not beig ableto get in, is attacked the following day by
two of the enemyls armed brigs and, on attemptingto retreat ;strikes on the breakers near
the southeastchannel and goes to pieces. The crew ar safely landed.
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The Texas Almanac for 1858, book, 1857; Galveston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123764/m1/22/: accessed January 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.