The Texas Almanac for 1858 Page: 54
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value, $352,926. Peiches are about the only kind of fa:uit successfully in-ro
duced so far, at least, to any great degree. 'The soil is of rathier'a sandy
character. The health of the countyecan be put safely down as only tolera-
bly good. Churches and schools ark not yet as numerous as could lie de-
sired. Galveston is both market ind seaport for the county. The 'digt gq
to Houston is 150 miles, and carrying is done by oxteams, at a, rate of from
$2 to$2 50 per 100 pounds. The G. I. R. R. will run not many miles
West of this county, and the .4. P. IL R. some thirty miles north- of it:; iTh
county Seat is Jonesville, on the Angelina river, with a population of alfew
hundreds. Unimproved land ranges in value from $1 to $1 "5b; itipraved
land ranges from $2 to $3 per acre-even running up'to $8. The watei* is
freestone.. Created tApril 22, 1846; ahd.taken from Nacogdoehes county.
This County is bounded on the North by Bexar and Medina, East by Live
Qak and Bexar, South by Live Oak, Waest by Bexar. It is wateredimqinly
by the Atasc,.sa, into which floirs a great nudiber of smaller stream'a '.
SThe surface is undulating. This county' was organized Janiary 25, 1856.
The county is prairie -thrqughout, -although there is some little' Onk in its
different species, as well as Eht and Cottonwood. The prairies are eei'ally
of dark, sandy'lo0m, deep and rich. The health is onlytolerably good. As
to'eliurches and schools, the recent formation of the county will accountt"' r
their being, as yet, few and far between. Society, is, as may be ekpectet,
imder sucit circumstances. There are,1036 of white population; 51 negroe-b
valued-at $27,400. There are 8,805 head of cattle, valued }at $58,080 488
head of 'horses, valued at $21,420. , Total, $168,67 . Lavaca i; both seaport
and market, the distance from Ataseosi the County Seat, being somhe 10
miles, the carrying is all overland. Unimproved lands range from $1 to
$1 25; improved lands from.$2 to $3. The water is limestone, and plentifd.
Created Jnuary 25th, 1856, and taken from Bexar county.
This county is bounded on the Northvby Washington; East by Harris and
Fort Bend; South by Fort Bend, Wharton .nd Colorado; West by Colorado and
Fayette. The Brazos flows through the centre of the county, and several cre4s
iater it, flowing into th -Brazos arid San Bernard, which last stream coast
its southern line. The surface is gently undulating. .The county has a white
population of 4,305; a negro population of 2,294, valued at $1,167,920r.
It possesses 30,842 head of cattle, vealied at $189,000; 3,502 head.of hoses,
valued at $166,244. Total, $2,849,540. About one-third.of the county is tim-
bered. Especially in the Brayzos bottom the timber is very heavy; eqnbsi'sting
of Oak; in several varieties, besides Hackberi'y, Ash, ' edar and Elm. In
this county, as in all of the cotton counties, the grist mills are connected with
the gins. The peach is-the principal frdit. -The soil-ina the river bottom s
exceedingly productive; upon the prairies not so much so. On account of
the river miasma, chills and fevers prevail to a considerable degree. 'In re-
gard to schools and churches, there is not that degree of interest which is
manifested in other parts of the; State. The seaport is Galveston. Both
Houston and Gal.veiton are the uiakets of the county. The distance to
Foustonis about sixty miles; to Galvestop, by way of thd Brazos, some twer
hundred miles. The construction of the B. B., B..&'C. R -R. to Richmond,
and.northward, will effect some, change in the tritding point of the countvt_
although to'what degree cannot, asyet, .be ascertained. - The Coatty Seata
at Bellville. San Felipe is a noted town in this county. Unimiproved lands
rage in value from $2 to $5 in the 'table lands, and, from $8 to g0'ln the
bottom. Improved lands range in value, iri the river bottom, from, $15ti
$25: upon the table lands, from $8 to $10. This county is quite an old one,
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The Texas Almanac for 1858, book, 1857; Galveston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123764/m1/55/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.