Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 20
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CENSUS, ETC. (45.)
Assessors and Collectors are required to report for their respective counties: 1.
The number of voters; 2. White males over 18 and under 45 years of age; 3.
White males under 18 years; 4. Do. over 45; 5. White females, children under
18 and over 6; 6. Do., under 6; 7. Slaves; 8. Free persons of color; 9. Number
of acres cultivated in corn; 10. Do., in wheat; 11. Do., in cotton; 12. Do., in
sugar; 13. Population of all incorporated towns in the county; 14. Scholastic
population between 6 and 18 years old,
ARMS BELONGING TO THE STATE. (47.)
The Governor is authorized to receive from the General Government the arms
Texas is entitled to, and to grant the use of such arms to volunteer companies, and
also to military schools.
AMENDING THE RAILROAD LOAN LAW TO FURTHER AID R. R.
This Act loans railroad companies $6000 per mile for the first section of 25 miles
of road completed, provided 25 miles more are graded ready for the ties, and the
same per mile for the second and every subsequent section of five miles completed,
provided five miles more be graded in each case, so that the grade shall always be
25 miles in advance of the completed road, on which the loan is received. By the
previous law, companies had to buy iron and complete 25 miles, before they could
get the loan; but now they have only to complete five miles to enable them to get
the loan on those five miles.
BOUNDARY WITH THE UNITED STATES. (58.)
This Act revives the act to run the boundary between Texas and the United
States, and appropriates $20,000 to meet the expenses.
SURVEYOR FOR EACH COUNTY. (60.)
Requires a surveyor to be elected at every general election for every organized
county, who shall enter upon his duties as soon as the terms of the present sur-
veyors shall have expired; each county being a separate land district, and each
surveyor being required to appoint a special surveyor for each unorganized county
belonging to his district
INCORPORATION OF TOWNS AND CITIES. (61.)
A village containing 300 inhabitants may be incorporated as a town, as follows:
20 resident voters must apply to the County Court, who shall then order an election.
Amajority of free males 21 years old, having resided in the proposed limits of the
town six months, shall decide the question by their votes. If such majority are in
favor of a corporation, the Chief Justice shall order the election of a mayor, a con-
stable, and five aldermen, who shall hold their offices till the next regular election
of County and State officers, at which time the Chief Justice must always order a
new election. The powers and duties of the board are defined. This Act further
provides that villages or towns containing 1500 inhabitants, may, in like manner,
be incorporated into cities, the officers being a mayor, 9 aldermen, and a marshal;
and the Act further authorizes towns or cities already incorporated, to be reineor-
parated and reorganized, by observing the same requirements, a majoritycof the
voters within the proposed limitsdeciding the question. A supplement (99) author-
izes towns and cities, that wish to reorganize under this Act, to enlarge or contract
their limits, provided, that towns shall not contain more that 1280 acres, andcities
not more than one league and labor.
ENABLING FREE PERSONS OF COLOR TO BECOME SLAVES. (63.)
Free persons of color over fourteen years of age, may become slaves by petition-
ing the District Court, the petition being signed by two witnesses, of which the
Clerk of the Court must give four weeks' notie, and shall summon the said free
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/21/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.