Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 22
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ZZ TEXAS ALMANAC.
LUNATIC ASYLUM. (93.)
The Governor is directed to appoint five Managers for the Lunatic Asylum, who
are to serve without compensation, who shall direct the affairs of the institution,
and make by-laws for it, with the approval of- the Governor. All the powers and
duties of the Managers, Superintendent, and other officers are pointed out.
DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. (94.)
Appropriates $7500 to enable the Trustees to locate this institution on the
Government lots in Austin, if found suitable; and in this case, to expend this
money in the erection of suitable buildings. But should they find it necessary to
purchase the ground, then they are to erect the buildings with the balance of the
money, their acts being subject to the approval of the Governor.
PUBLIC SCHOOLS. (98.)
This supplementary Act makes it the duty of the Chief Justices to apportion the
School Fund annually among the children of their respective counties. First, they
shall pay the tuition of those whose parents or guardians are unable to pay, of or-
phans whose tuition has not been paid, of the children of widows whose property
does not exceed the amount protected from forced sale. The balance of the money
shall be apportioned among the other children of the schools according to the time
of tuition, and regardless of the amount paid by the parents. The teachers are re-
quired to report: first, the names of the patrons of the school; second, the names
of the pupils; third, the number of days each has attended school; fourth, the
amount paid by each patron ; fifth, the names of those patrons unable to pay, and
of paying patrons entitled to pro rata shares. No school is entitled to the benetits
of this act that has not been taught at least three consecutive months. The State
Treasurer is ex-officio Superintendent of the Public Schools, whose duty it is to
record an abstract of the children of scholastic age in each county; to apportion the
money to the counties; to keep a correct account of every thing; to report annually
to the Governor; to pay to the order of the county courts their respective shares of
the school fund. The county court shall not allow, as tuition, over ten cents per
day for each pupil The county court shall appoint three persons as a Board of
School Examiners, to examine the qualification of those professing to teach; and
no teacher shall receive any of this fund without a certificate from such Board, au-
thorizing him to teach. No school in which the English language is not principally
taught can receive any of this fund.
NAMES OF TOWNS CHANGED. (101.)
The town of Madison in Orange county is changed to Orange, and Madisonville
in Madison county to Madison, and Palo Pinto is made the county seat of Palo
Pinto county ; Hamilton in Burnet Co., is changed to Burnet, and Jacksboro is made
the county seat of Jack county.
ALAMO MONUMENT. (104.)
$2500 appropriated to purchase this monument in the Capitol.
County Courts are authorized to lay out, to alter, or close up any road in the
county. They shall designate the roads as first and second class; the first class
must be at least thirty feet wide, and all causeways fifteen feet wide, and all the
trees must be cut within six inches of the ground. The second class roads must
be at least twenty feet wide. They shall also lay off these counties into road pre-
cincts, appointing an overseer for each, and designating all the hands liable to
work on roads in each precinct, thirty days' residence being necessary to re-
quire this duty. All roads now established by law are public roads, and the Court
shall grant no order to close a road or open a new one, unless-twenty days' notice
~shall have been first given. Any such order must be on application of at least
eight householders of the precinct All roads ordered to be opened must be laid
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/23/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.