Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 23

out by a jury of five sworn householders, appointed by the Court. If a road shall
be laid out over a farm or inclosure, the consent of the owner must first be had,
and if such consent is refused, the County Court shall appoint five freeholders, who,
under oath, shall assess the damages. And if the owner of uninclosed land shall
file a written protest against opening a road across the same, the Court shall also
appoint five freeholders to assess the damages; and, if in either case the Court shall
deem the road of sufficient importance, they may order it to be opened, first pay-
ing the damages assessed. All white males between 18 and 45 years of age, and
all male slaves and free persons of color over 16 and under 50 years old, are re-
quired to work on roads, except preachers, teachers, millers, ferry-men, County
Commissioners, and Chief Justices.
It is the duty of each overseer to work through his precinct at least twice a year;
but he can require no man to work over ten days in the year, or to work on more
than one road. Any one, when summoned, is liable to a fine of one dollar for every
day's failure to work; and an overseer failing to prosecute any one for refusing to
work, is liable to a fine of five dollars for such neglect. It is made the duty of
overseers to set up posts every mile on the road in their precincts, with figures
showing the distance to the Court House, or other noted place to which such road
leads, and to put up index-boards at the forks of public roads, pointing to the most
noted places to which the roads lead; for the neglect of which they are liable to a
fine of $5 in each case. The act goes on to define particularly all the duties of
overseers and the penalties for their neglect, also the duties of the County Court,
the Chief Justice and Clerk, in relation to roads. It is the duty of Clerks of County
Courts to put up in their respective Crourt-houses, on the first day of each District
Court, a list of the names of the overseers and the precincts in the county; and
District Judges are required to give this act in charge to the Grand Juries at the
opening of the court. This act repeals the previous road law.
Twenty-five acres of land on Pelican Flats are granted to the above Company.
The time for redeeming lands sold and purchased by the State for taxes, is ex-
tended two years.
The Governor is authorized to appoint some suitable person as State Geologist,
to hold his office for two years; and who is required to give bonds in the sum of
$20,000, for the faithful discharge of his duties. He is required to make a com-
plete geological survey of the State, showing the quality of the soil, its adaptation
to agriculture, the products to which it is suited in the different sections; its mineral
resources, their situation, and the best means for their development; its water
powers, their localities, and every thing relating to the geological and agricultural
character of the State. The State geologist is authorized to appoint two assistants,
with the approval of the.Governors. Said geologist is required to transmit to the
Governor specimens of rocks, ores, coals, soils, fossils, etc., which the Governor
shall deposit in the Capitol for public inspection. Said geologist shall also report
to the Legislature at its regular sessions, giving full descriptions of the State, iPlus-
trated with maps, charts, and drawings. The salary of the State geologist is
$3000, and $20,000 are appropriated to defray expenses, etc The salary of the
assistant geologists is not to exceed $1500 each. These officers are required to
make oath that they will not purchase lands while in office, with a view to specu-
lation, and that they will not suppress or conceal information of any valuable
Is authorized to levy a special tax, pot to exceed the State tax, to pay surveyor's
fees for running the county boundary.

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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/24/ocr/: accessed August 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.

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