Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 38
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vJO TEXAS ALMANAC.
line of march for Anahuac. Sergeant Blackman with sixteen men under the direc-
tion of Robt. M. Williamson, formed the advance. Flankers were thrown out on
each side. Thus we moved forward. We bad not marched more than half the
distance to Turtle Bayou when the advance came upon a party of Mexican cavalry.
So completely were they surprised that not a gun was fired. We halted and en-
camped on the west side of Turtle Bayou--White's crossing. While posting the
guard, a miscreant, by the name of Haden-a creature of Jno. M. Smith-shot and
instantly killed Sergeant Blackman, and escaped under cover of night.
The next morning we resumed our march, and entered Anahuac at or before
noon. As soon, thereafter, as our little force was properly posted, a committee,
composed of Alcaldes Austin and Johnson, G. B. McKinstry, H. K. Lewis, and
Francis W. Johnson, was appointed, and proceeded to the Fort. They were coni-
ducted, through the guard, to the quarters of Colonel Bradburn, and made known
to him the object of their visit. The committee enforced their demand by every
argument they were masters of. Bradburn, after being driven to the wall by ar-
gument, finally informed the committee that Colonel Souverin was the commander
of the garrison. This gentleman, who had taken part in the conference, now for
the first time is pointed out as the commanding officer. Not being able to effect
any thing peaceably, we informed Colonels Bradburn and Souverin that we would
try what virtue there was in force, made our bows and returned to our camp,
where we reported the result of our mission.
Thus matters remained until the following day, when some skirmishing took
'place, but resulted in no loss or injury. Several attempts were made to draw the
enemy out, but without success. On the third day it was determined to send a
'detachment to take a position opposite and within rifle-shot of the fort. For this
purpose the ground was examined and found practicable. By marching under the
river bank, the detachment would be covered, and reach the position assigned.
The bank at that point being high, completely covered the detachment from the
fire of the fort. While arrangements were being made with this view, John A.
Williams solicited an interview, which was granted. After expressing his regret
at the turn things had taken, he stated that he had accompanied Colonel Souverin
from Matamoras; that he had had frequent conversations with him; and that he was
devoted to the cause espoused by Santa Auna; and was using his influence with
the garrison at Anahuac to declare for Santa Anna; that he had been assured by
Colonel Souverin that he was disposed to accommodate the citizens, and that pre.
sent difficulties could be amicably and satisfactorily arranged through commission-
ers. Williams, although strongly suspected of being favorable to Bradburn, mani-
fested such zeal and honesty that the Texians agreed to appoint commissioners to
meet those of the Fort at a time and place agreed upon, (Wm. Hardin's.) The
'commissioners oh our part were Captains John Austin, Hugh B. Johnson, and
Wyly Martin. Terms having been agreed upon, they were made known to the
command. They were not such as had been expected, and gave a good deal of
dissatisfaction on account of the want of confidence in Mexican faith. Captain
'Martin assured the command that he had the utmost confidence in their good faith;
that no one wearing an epaulet would be base enough to forfeit his plighted honor.
This reconciled most of the men. The command was then ordered to march to
Taylor White's, on Turtle Bayou, and there await the arrival of the commissioners
and the Texian prisoners. A small party-from fifteen to thirty-remained with
the commissioners. At an early hour the next day, firing was heard in the direc-
tion of Anahuac, and very soon after, an express arrived and informed us that the
Mexicans had refused to comply with the' rms agreed upon, and were marching
out to attack the small party in Anahuac. The command was immediately put
under marching order, and had advanced within some two miles when they were
met by the commissioners and their small party retreating in good order.
The enemy being in position, and occupying a piece of woodland, and with artil-
1 ery to' cover their lines, it was deemed prudent not to attack them under such dis-
advantageous circumstances. The command was faced about and marched back
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/39/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.