Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 4
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9 TEXAS ALMANAC.
GENERAL LAND OFFICE.
The Commissioner of the General Land Office is not required to make any re-
port of the transactions of the department for the present year, consequently no
accurate statement can be given of the exact condition of our land affairs. In the
absence of any official statement, the following is as near a correct synopsis as can
be furnished :
The liabilities for land, liquidated and unliquidated, reported by the Acr.
Commissioner to 1st November 1857, amounted to - - - 51,529,090
This amount has been increased by Aoes.
Lands granted by Legislature of 1857-58 - - - - 280,557
Headrights issued by Commissioner of Claims - - - 4,849
Bounty Warrants issued by Commissioner of Claims - - 7,680
Donation " '" " - - 2,560
Land Scrip, " " - 28,160
Land Scrip issued by the Commissioner General Land Ofice, 68,480--392,28
Total - - - - - - 51,921,976
According to the Commissioner's Report, of November 1st, 1857, there had been
Returned and Patented, - - - - - - 32,508,911 Aores.
Returned and not Patented, - - - - - 12,673,722 "
Leaving Outstanding, - - - - - - 6,847,057
Since that time there have been returne I to the office about 8,000,000
Patented since November 1st, 1857, about - - - 2,500,000 "
Making total amount of land Returned and Patented, - 35,008,911
and not Patented, 13,173,722 "
" " Ontstanding, - ,739,8343 "
In this estimate the lands surveyed for the Southern Pacific Railroad Company,
under bond filed in accordance with the 2d section of the General Railroad Act of
1854, are not included. Said company has filed a copy of a contract for the com-
pletion of two Sections of the road, and given the necessary bond, entitling them
to have sirveyed S00 Sections of land, and have had surveyed and returned to the
Land Office 183 Sections. or 117,600 acres.
Area of the State.
Titled by Spain and Mexico, - - - - 2,584,494
Claims originating under the Republic and State
of Texas, including grants confirmed by the act
of 10th February. 1854. - - - - 51,921,976
Leaving the amount of unencumbered Public Domain, 101,088,100 A,'res.
DISTRICT OF TEXAS-PORT OF GALVESTON.
We have no space to give the commercial details of this port. Thereceipts of cotton during
the past commercial year were 118,328 bales, an increase of over 30 per cent. more than for
the previous year, and near 25 per cent. over the receipts of any other year. The increase
in the shipping has also been about in the same proportion, the number of vessels entered of
all classes, having been 355. 117,891 hbales of cotton have been shipped from this port; during
the past year, valued at $6,456,505, which is an increase of near two and a half millions of
dollars over any previous year. Nearly one-half of these shipments of cotton have been
made to European ports. A very large increase in the trade of Galveston must certainly
result from the connection with the Railroads of the interior, now under contract to be com-
pleted within twelve months.
A large portion of the trade of Galveston is now being done by a class of vessels-that can-
not cross our bar with full freights, and they therefore discharge and receive their cargoes,
or a large portion of them, in the outer harbor. Vessels carrying between 8,000 and 4,000
bales of cotton, have left this port for Europe during the past year, and the port charges and
other expenses have been much smaller than in New Orleans. No accidents or losses have
ever yet occurred inthis roadstead during the heaviest storms, and, with steam tug lighters,
he largest class of vessels may receive as much dispatch as at our wharves.
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/5/: accessed January 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.