Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 71
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THE WHEAT REGION. 7 a
the crop should be retarded as long as possible in the spring, by grazing, to guard
against danger front the contingency of late heavy frosts.
GRASSHOPPEs sometimes prey upon the wheat in the fall and winter, destroying
it in places to the very ground, but usually it will come forth from the roots in the
spring. An attack from the legions of these devourers that periodically infest
large districts of country, in the early spring, might prove serious.
CAPACITY OF. NORTHERN TEXAS FOR PRODUCTION.
The capacity of Northern Texas, the counties before named, in point of soil, for
the production of wheat, is astonishing, and may sound fabulous to those who have
not seen and examined its boundless fields of fertile lands extending from Red
River to the Brazos at Waco, and from Kaufman county to Belknap. Its resources
in this regard can not well be over-estimated. There is nowhere to be found so
large a body of rich, productive land, favored with so genial a climate. Take Dal-
las county, for example: it contains 900 square miles, or 576,000 acres, (the other
counties the same.) It is an under-estimate to put down two thirds of this, or
384,000 acres, as good tillable land. Take two thirds of this, 256,000 acres, for
wheat-culture, leaving one third, 128,000, for the other small grains and produce.
Put the average yield per acre at 20 bushels, and we have 5,120,000 bushels as
the product of the crop of one county. Collin, Grayson, and perhaps other coun-
ties have a larger proportion of tillable land than Dallas, and can produce more,
though some counties can not produce so much. The average capacity of the coun-
ties comprising the Sixteenth Judicial District, Dallas, Collin, Grayson, Cook, Denton,
Wise, Jack, Young, Parker, Tarrant, Ellis, and Johnson, leaving out the unorgan-
ized counties of Archer, Throckmorton, Clay, and Montague, may safely be set
down at 5,000,000 bushels each, or an aggregate for the twelve counties, embrac-
ing an area of 10,800 square miles, of 60,000,000 bushels. It is only meant that
the counties named are capable of producing this grand result when its waste fer-
tile lands, now lying in idleness, are brought into.cultivation, besides producing
the other small grains required by the country.
[In contemplation of this immense production, which will doubtless approach
realization from year to year, we are forced to the conclusion that it can not be
many years before this great staple will be forced to seek a foreign market. A
very few years more, and we shall see trains of freight cars coming to Galveston
heavily loaded with flour and wheat for shipment to Northern ports, to supply the
Northern markets before their own wheat.can be matured.-EDs.]
THE following articles upon the production of the leading.staples of this State,
have been kindly furnished by planters in different parts, and whose lands proba-
bly require modes of cultivation somewhat different. This will somewhat explain
the slight differences in the modes of cultivation they recommend. Colonel Waters
and Mr. Tinsley, for instance, cultivate.the richly bottom lands of the Brazos, which
are materially different from the prairie uplands of the West. We presume, also,
that the wheat lands of Williamson county and other counties lower down, require
different cultivation from. the lands in Dallas and other-Northern counties That
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/72/: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.