Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 72
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E ~TEXAS ALMANAC.
difference may not be very great, but yet sufficient to account for any discrepancy
in the accounts given by Mr. Mather and Mr. Latimer, in another part of this work-
Our State, it should be borne in mind, has an immense area, embracing within its
present settled limits, eight degrees of latitude, (from 26 to 340,) and seven and a
half degrees of longitude, (from 931 to 1010,) being,.in its whole extent, as large as
half a dozen of the other larger States of the Union. Of course, such extent of lati-
tude and longitude, with the usual diversities of soil and climate, caused by elevation,
while ascending from the sea-board to the mountain districts, must require very
great diversity in the directions for cultivating the same products on the different
soils, and the various products to which those soils are adapted. Agriculture, as a
science, has received but little attention as yet, in Texas. But there is not in this
Union, so wide a field for the scientific agriculturist. Our Legislature must lay the
foundation for future improvement, by some appropriate legislation. It has hereto-
fore been neglected, but we trust it will not be much longer. The establishment,
by law, of a State Geological Bureau, will, if this law is properly carried out, lead
to the passage of a law for the encouragement of Agricultural Science.
ADVANTAGES OF TEXAS COTTON LANDS.
BY DR. I. R. Rossor, or RouND-TOP.
Experiments already made, have abundantly proved that the portion of the
earth's surface, upon which cotton can be successfully grown, is extremely limited
and circumscribed, while the uses and demands for this staple seem to be rapidly
extending and embracing the world's entire population. This fact being admitted,
it follows that the intrinsic value of cotton lands, other things being equal, must
continue to increase, and it must become more and more important to the cotton-
grower to devise every means to increase the amount of the yield in proportion to
the increased demand. We here propose to show the decided advantage to the
cotton-grower. of the soil and climate of Texas, over all the other cotton-growing
States of the Union:
1st. Our seasons are much longer than any other State enjoys.
2d. The nature of our soil is such, that the staple possesses more strength and
fineness, and generally commands a better price, other things being equal, by
about one cent per pound.
Even our ordinary cottons are rarely injured by the frost, nor are they so mixed
with sand, (as is often the case elsewhere,) as to injure machinery.
3d. A large portion of our State which is particularly adapted to its growth, lies
contiguous to the coast, and the freighting of it to market, in a few years, will be
less, by far, than the cost can ever be, from large portions of the best cotton
4th. Its maturity being earlier, and facilities greater or equal to other coun-
tries, our cottons must have a decided advantage from this fact.
5th. Having a much longer season, we will ever be able to save more to the hand
than the other and less favored cotton districts.
6th. But above all, we can make it with less labor.
Now, in most of the States mentioned, it requires from four to six workings,
protracting the labor through the hot summer months, in its cultivation, while we,
by two, and very frequently, one ploughing and hoeing, are able to make more
than our long seasons will afford us time to save. I well remember, in the year
1852, that on the 10th day of June I gathered from a large field in Walker county,
Texas, a limb of cotton which had upon it eight bolls of cotton, from the size of a
partridge-egg to full grown. The same limb I carried to Georgia, and after a
week's detention at my home in Middle Georgia, I was induced by a friend to
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/73/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.