Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 77
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kind of soil, being destitute of sand, requires the warmth of the sun before it should
The production from this kind of soil grows off better, and is less liable to disease
when planted late, than when it is planted early. In preparing land for planting,
the planter should be governed, in a great measure, by the kind of land to be
planted, and particularly as to the location, always observing the difference be-
tween natural and artificial drainage.
CORN should. be planted on the highest land, and particularly where it has the
best natural drainage; and when planted on this kind of location, it is better to
plant it in the water-furrow, for the reason that it gives a better opportunity to dirt
the corn throughout the season, and avoids a too high ridge when it is laid by. It
will always stand a drought better when it is so planted. The planter should be
particular in this kind of planting, and observe the same rules only on soils that are
naturally well drained.
The first cultivation after planting should be with a good iron tooth-harrow, so as
to pulverize the ground well. This kind of implement is better than any other for
the cultivation of young corn; it pulverizes and leaves the land in a better condi.
tion, and destroys more effectually all other vegetation. The kind of cultivation
after this, depends upon the season.
SuAn.--The ground should be clear of trash, and well ridged up and pulverized
with the harrow, before planted. It should be planted in rows, about six feet apart.
The opening-furrow, for planting, should be deep and well opened; the seed should
be well stripped of fodder, and planted double. Great care should be taken by
the planter in covering, so as not to raise the seed with the covering-plough.
After the seed is covered, it is best to run a light harrow on the ridge, followed by
a heavy roller. If the season should be wet, after the seed is planted, and 'before it
comes up, the harrow should be run over to break up the crust. A heavy iron
harrow can be used with great advantage in the middle of the rows, for the pur-
pose of pulverizing the ground, and keeping down vegetation. When the cane is
about coming up, the dirt should be thrown from the cane by running a furrow on
each side; but great care should be taken not to run too near, so as to loosen the
dirt around the plant-cane; it then should be scooped out and kept clear of grass
with the hoe. In about six weeks, the dirt should be thrown back to the cane
with the plough. After the cane has rooted sufficiently, the dirt shouldk'be regu-
larly applied, until it is laid by. Cane should be cultivated and kept clean, until
it is sufficiently large to shade the land, so as to prevent other vegetation.
COTroN.--In this latitude, cotton should be planted on a well-thrown-up ridge.
When planted on light or sandy land, it should be done from the 15th of February
to the 1st of March; on stiff; heavy land, it should be planted a month later, accord-
ing to the forwardness of the spring. For planting, the furrow should be opened
on the top of the ridge; the seed should be well sown in the furrow, and covered
over with a light harrow, after which a good heavy roller should be run over to
press the ground well to the seed. After the cotton comes up, it should be scooped
out with the hoes, and the middles well pulverized with the harrow. The scoops
and harrows should be used entirely for the cultivation until laid by.
I. T. TI6SLEY.
LETTER FROM CO. WATERS, OF FORT BEND CO.
W. Richardson, Galveston: AacorI,, July 13, 1858.
DEAR SIR: Your letter of the 8th inst, propounding inquiries in regard to the
culture of our leading staples of agriculture, came to hand a few days ago. It was,
a matter of regret, at the time, that business prevented me from replying at once,
as the subject of your inquiries is one in which I have for years past felt the deep,
est interest. Though I am too proud of our State to believe that her superior
agricultural advantages has escaped the notice of planters, yet I believe that precise
and correct general information, as to the mode of oultivation of our staples, and the
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/78/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.