Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 87
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UNITED STATE STATISTICS. c7
of which a Circuit Court is held twice every year,-for each State within the Circuit,
by a Justice of the Supreme Court, assigned to the Circuit, and by the District
Judge of the State or District in which the Court sits.
1st Circuit, Maine, New-Hampshire, Mass., and R. I., Mr. Justice Clifford.
2d, " Vermont, Connecticut,. and New-York, Mr. Justice Nelson.
3d New-Jersey and Pennsylvania, Mr. Justice Grier.
4th " Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia, Mr. Chief Justice Taney,
5th Alabama, Louisiana, and Kentucky, Mr. Justice Campbell.
6th " N. Carolina, S Carolina, and Georgia, Mr. Justice Wayne.
7th . : Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan, Mr. Justice McLean.
8th " Kentucky, Tennessee, and Missouri, Mr. Justice Catron.
9th ," Mississippi and Arkansas, Mr. Justice Daniel,
California Circuit, Matthew H. McAllister, of San Francisco.
The States of Florida, Texas, Iowa,.and Wisconsin have not yet been attached
toany Circuit, but the District Courts have the power of Circuit Courts, and the
District Judges act as Circuit Judges. There is a local Circuit Court held in the
District of Columbia, by three judges specially appointed for that purpose: James
Dunlop, Judge; James S; Morsell, Associate do.; Wmn, M. Merrick, do. The
Chief Justice of that Court sits also as District Judge of that District.
DISTRICT COURTS OF TEXAS.
John C. Watrous,
Samuel D. Hay,
Thomas H. Duval,
R, B. Hubbard, -
William C. Young,
The Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and. House. of Represent.
atives, and must assemble at least once every year, on the first Monday of Decem-
ber, unless it is otherwise provided by law,
The Senate is composed of two members from each State; and, of course, the
regular number is now 62. They are chosen by the Legislatures of the several
States, for the term of six years, one third being elected biennially,
The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate; in which
body he has only a casting vote, which is given in ease of an equal:division-of the
votes of the Senators. - In his absence, a President pro tempers is chosen .from
among the Senators by the Senate.
The House of Representatives is composed of meibbers from the 'several States,
elected by the people, in separate districts composed of contiguous territory, for the
term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different
States according to population, as follows. After each decennial nunimeration, the
aggregate representative population of the United States is ascertainedb-t e Sec-
retary of the Interior, by adding to thewhole nuriber of free persons in all the
States, including those bound to service for a term of years, and' ecludiig Indians
not taxedi three fifths of all other persos. This aggregate is dividedby 23- and
the quotient, rejecting fractions, if any, isthe raise: .f apportionment among the sev-
eral States. The representative population of each State is then ~ertain'ed in the
same manner, and is: divided by the above- taned, ratio, and this quotient gives the
apportionment of Representatives to each States ' . lie loss by fractions is compen-
sated for by signing to as many States having the largest fractinois ds may he
necessary to make the whole number of Repreentatives 233, one~gdditional mem-
ber each for its fraction. If after the apportionment new States are admitted,
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/88/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.