Texas Almanac, 1859 Page: 97
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RATES OF POSTAGE. 97
vance, at the office where the same is either mailed or delivered, then half the
above rates are charged. Newspapers and periodicals not weighing over one and
a half ounce, circulated in the State 'where published, are likewise charged but
half of the above rates.
Small newspapers and periodicals, published monthly or oftener, and pamphlets
not containing more than sixteen octavo pages each, when sent in single packages,
weighing at least eight ounces, to one address, and prepaid by affixing postage-
stamps thereto, shall be charged only half a cent for each ounce or fraction of an
ounce, notwithstanding the postage calculated on each separate article of such
package would exceed that amount.
Books, bound or unbound, not weighing over four pounds, shall be deemed
mailable matter, and shall pay,
For all distances under 3000 miles, per ounce, . . ... 1 cent.
For all distances over 3000 miles, 2 "
Prepayment required on all transient matter. All printed matter chargeable by
weight shall be weighed when dry. The publishers of newspapers and periodicals
may send to each other from their respective offices of publication, free of postage,
one copy of each publication; and may also send to each actual subscriber, in-
closed in their publications, bills and receipts for the same, free of postage. The
publishers of weekly newspapers may send to each actual subscriber within the
county where their papers are printed and published, one copy thereof, free of
No printed matter shall be sent at the above rates, unless either without any
wrapper, or with one open at the ends or sides, so that the character of the matter
may be seen without removing the wrapper; or if any written or printed commu-
nication is put on the same after its publication, or upon the cover or wrapper, ex-
cept the name and address of the person to whom the same is sent; or if any thing
else is inclosed in such printed paper. If these conditions are not complied with,
letter postage shall be charged.
When any printed matter, received during any quarter, has been in the post-
office fqr the whole of the succeeding quarter, the post-master shall sell it, and
credit the amount of the sales as directed by the Post-ofiice Department.
The establishment of private expresses for the conveyance of any letters, packets,
or packages of letters, or other matter transmissible in the United States mail,
(newspapers, pamphlets, magazines, and periodicals excepted,) from one city, town,
or other place, to any other city, town, or place in the United States, between
which the United States mail is regularly transported, is prohibited; but letters,
etc., may' be carried by carriers in stamped envelopes. Contractors may carry
newspapers out of the mails for sale or distribution among subscribers. A penalty
of $5000 is imposed on any person taking letters through or over any part of the
United States for the purpose of being sent out of the United States without the
payment of postage.
Letters addressed to different persons cannot be inclosed in the same envelope
or package, under a penalty of ten dollars,.unless addressed to foreign countries.
PRIVILEGE OF FRANKING.
1. The President, ex-Presidents, the Vice-President, ex-Vice-Presidents. Mrs.
Harrison, and Mrs. Polk have the franking privilege, as regulated by former laws.
2. Members from Congress and Delegates from Territories, from thirty days be-
fore the commencement* of each Congress until the first Monday in December after
the expiration of their term of office; the Secretary of the Senate, and the Clerk of
he House of Representatives during their ofcial terms, may send and receive free
letters or packages not exceeding two ounces in weight, and public documents not
exceeding three pounds in weight.
*The commencement of each Congress for this purpose, dates from the 4th of March (that is,
the day next) succeeding the termination of the preceding Congress.
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Texas Almanac, 1859, book, 1859~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123765/m1/98/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.