The Texas Almanac, for 1860, with Statistics, Historical and Biographical Sketches, &c., Relating to Texas. Page: 42
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4% TEXAS ALMANAC.
necessities. lMany citizens in the east and west contributed liberally in money,
provisions, horses, and other needful materials. Money, provisions, and clotlhng
were received, as welcome benefactions, from Natchitoches, New-Orleans, Mobile,
and more remote sections of the United States. But all these were soon disburse d,
in the multitude of our wants. Early in December the commissioners left for New-
A tragical event occurred about this time, which may be considered a perti-
nent episode to our history. Gen. Mexia, late of the federal army, and hostile
to centralism, had fled to New-Orleans. He there organized an expedition
against Tampico. It assumed to be, in part, a diversion in favor of, and auxili-
ary to, the struggle in Texas, and probably acquired patronage on that predi-
cate. He sailed in a schooner, with about 300 men, the most of whom were
ignorant of his real purpose and destination. Unhappily the vessel grounded-
on the bar at Tampico. The party landed safely, and captured the small fort-
erected near it. The populace of the city were devoted to Santa Anna, and"
after a series of adventures, Mexia, with most.of his followers, effected their es-
cape to Texas in an American vessel. Thirty-one were captured, of whom three
died in the hospital, and the residue, 28, were deliberately shot on 14th Decem-
ber, 1835. Without presuming to affirm that the oceans of blood which have
been, and are now being shed in the internecine wars of Mexico, are special
providential visitations for the cold-blooded murders she has so often perpe-
trated, it seems at least a just retribution, that a people, actuated by so stupid
a bigotry, and so blind devotion to a politico-religious system, should have
meted to them a full measure of the cruelties they have practised on others.
Gen. Austin, as Commander-in-chief, had initiated the investment of San
Antonio and prosecuted it, amidst all its privations and hazards, until, persuaded
to accept the mission to the United States, involving the all-important fiscal
interests of the country, for which his antecedents and extensive reputation
eminently qualified him, he resigned his military appointment. His successor,
Gen. Sam Houston, remained at San Felipe for some weeks, and there heard of
the glorious achievements of Milam, Johnson, and their associates. He pro-
fessed to. be employed in organizing the army, whilst the main body of that
army wag actively engaged in besieging and storming the enemy's strong-hold.
The regular army was, by decree, to consist of 1120 men. It really never did
amount to more than 200. The following is taken from the Journals of the
Convention of March 10th, 1836: "Of the regular army, there appears to be
60 privates, 30 infantry at Goliad, and 80 cavalry at Bexar. Besides these,
Capt. Turner had arrived with a company of 56 men, and Capt. Teal with 40
regulars. The officers belonging to the Regulars were, one Major-General, one
Adjutant-General, two Colonels, three Lieutenant-Colonels, three Majors, one
Second-Major, twenty-six Captains, fifty-six Lieutenants, and six Cornets. Be-
sides these, were the Rangers, with one Major, three Captains, and six Lieu-
tenants; and the Volunteers, one Colonel, one Lieutenant-Colonel, one Major,
two Captains, and two Lieutenants." The staff of the Commander-in-Chief is
not comprised in this astounding list: The report of the Committee was made
long after Gen. Houston professed to be arduously engaged in "organizing" the
It assuredly is not consonant with reason or practice, or with the then pecu-
liar condition of affairs in Texas, that the Comniander-in-Chief should devote
his time exclusively to "the organi-ation of the army," with such a superabun-
dant array of officers to aid him, while the citizen volunteers, and volunteers
from abroad, were doing arduous and uncertain battle with the enemy. Dis-
cretion is a valuable trait in military character, but its exercise ought to relate
to the general good, rather than to personal convenience and taste. It is well
known in Texas that Gen. Houston controlled Governor Smith in all his official
acts. Gubernatorial orders to him, were virtually orders from him; which of
course he cheerfully obeyed. On the 25th of December, Gen. Houston, by
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The Galveston News. The Texas Almanac, for 1860, with Statistics, Historical and Biographical Sketches, &c., Relating to Texas., book, 1860~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123766/m1/44/: accessed May 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.