The Texas Almanac, for 1860, with Statistics, Historical and Biographical Sketches, &c., Relating to Texas. Page: 85
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HISTORY OF TEXAS. D
and sent an express to Goliad for a reinforcement. Lieut.-Col. Ward, with one
hundred and twenty men, of which i was one of the number, was directed by
Col. Fannin to suppor, Captain King at the Mission. This was on the twelfth
March, and the next day Lieut.-Col. Ward's command reached the Mission,
at which a large Catholic church built of stone, made a very good fort in
which we took protection. The Mexican cavalry that reconnoitered the Mission
and tried to attack it, was estimated at two hundred, and on the night of the
nineteenth, a party of fourteen men under Capt. Micknor, surprised their camp,
a mile from the Mission, killing eight of them and putting the rest to flight.
Among the slain was recognized a Mexican Lieutenant who had been with Col.
Fannin at Goliad, pretending to have joined the Texians with eighteen men.
On the morning oZ the sixteenth; Lieut.-Col. Ware and Capt. King differed as
to who should command at the Mission, the latter claiming it by being there
first. A large majority of the troops declared they would serve under Lieut.-
Col. Ward only, which induced Capt. King with his original company of twen-
ty-eight men to withdraw, and was followed by eighteen of Lieut.-Col. Ward's
command, who had been detailed from Capt. Bradford's company at Goliad,
leaving Col. Ward one hundred and seven men. About ten o'clock in the morn-
ing, a party of fifteen with myself, was sent to a river about two hundred yards
off, with oxen and cart, to bring two barrels of water' into the fort. We had
just filled the vessels and were leaving the river when we were fired upon from
an open prairie on the other side, by Gen. Urrea's army of eleven hundred
men, about half a mile distant. We made all possible speed for the fort, hold-
ing on to the water, except about half a barrel, which was-let out by one of the
bullets piercing the head. The enemy kept firing as they crossed the river, and
marched within fifty paces of the church, when Col. Ward ordered his men to
fire, which drove the Mexicans back and left the ground pretty well spotted
with their dead and wounded. They made four regular charges, both cavalry
and infantry, about half of each, and were as often repulsed with great slaughter.
At four o'clock in the afternoon they retreated, leaving between four and
five hundred of their dead upon the field. Col. Ward had only three of his
men wounded, one of them an Irishman who resided at the Mission. When the
attack was-made in the morning, Col. W. sent an express (James Humphrey, of
Columbus, Ga.) to Col. F. at Goliad; and orders were received at ten o'clock at
night, to abandon the church, take a north-east course for Victoria, on the
Guadalupe, twenty-five miles beyond Goliad, where Col. Fannin would join
him. About twelve o'clock at night we left the fort silently, formed five deep,
marched without a guide in the open prairie, and were only eight miles from
the Mission at day-light. For two days we had nothing to eat, and on the third
we killed some cattle near the San Antonio, which revived us a good deal. On
the twenty-first of March we reached Victoria, and had advanced-within one
hundred yards of the town, expecting to find Col. Fannin and his men there,
when to our utter dismay it was in possession of the enemy, who fired upon and
caused us to retreat to the swamp. Col. Fannin had set out to meet us in due
time, but his whole command was taken prisoners by a large force within six
miles of Goliad, and carried back to the fort. We had expended all our ammu-
nition at the battle of the Mission, and very few of our men had a single car-
tridge i In this dilemma we marched. a night for Dimmit's Point on the La
Bacca river, near Matagorda bay; where supplies were landed for the Texan
Next day, twenty-second March, we halted to rest and conceal ourselves
within two miles of our destination, sent two men to the Point to see who was
in possession and await their return. The remnant of the Mexican army that
attacked the Mission, and was hovering over this quarter under Gen Urrea, took
the two men prisoners and surrounded us. The two men came within speaking
distance of us, stated our situation and the power of the enemy, and desired
Colonel:Ward to see Gen. Urrea upon the terms of surrender: upon which Col.
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The Galveston News. The Texas Almanac, for 1860, with Statistics, Historical and Biographical Sketches, &c., Relating to Texas., book, 1860~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123766/m1/87/: accessed November 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.