The Texas Almanac for 1871, and Emigrant's Guide to Texas. Page: 28
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V5 TEXAS ALMANAC.
NoT a day nor an hour of favorable weather should now be lost; but push
the gathering in of the cotton-crop with all hands-no time now for extra
iobs and unnecessary hands about the house, quarter, or stables. Do not
pick while the cotton is wet; nothing is gained by it; it will dry more quickly
on the stalk than anywhere else. Instruct the hands to pick clear of trash;
otherwise, a prime article can not be sent to market. Much depends upon
the gin-stand and the ginning, and not a little on the press and the pressing.
If the lint is put carelessly into the press, rolled up into small, tight wads, and
trodden down by dirty feet, the bale lop-sided and badly covered and tied, the
value is greatly lessened. If the cotton has been gathered dry, there is no
occasion for sunning on the scaffolds; many experienced planters consider
such additional exposure to the sun to be decidedly injurious. Winter oats,
rye, and clover must be sown, if practicable, during this month.
HEDGING with the Cherokee rose was very generally practiced in many
parts of the country before the war. The Cherokee is a strong-growing, ever-
green, running rose, and will form an impervious fence in four years, if well
cared for. The long shoots interlace in such a manner that no animal can
force his way through a hedge of four feet in height. Many plantations are
without timber enough to build another fence, and must resort to something
as a substitute; and for that we know of nothing equal to a hedge of this
rose, in soil in which it will grow, and especially for the more exposed fences
of the plantation. It neither grows nor thrives well in the rich black prairie
lands of Texas. There the white microphylla rose, known as the Maria Leo-
nida, makes a beautiful, thrifty, and substantial hedge.
CENTRAL TEXAs, ETc.-We can only refer to the instructions given last
month, to be continued during the present one. After the first week it will
not do to risk large plantations of peas, sweet or other corn, or snap-beans.
Sow early York and other cabbages, to be set out in January. They may
require a little protection during severe weather. So of lettuce. Sow turnips
and mustard, etc.
SOUT7IERN TEXAs.-Referring again to the month of August, we add that
peas, corn, and siap-beans may still be planted. All of the directions given
above may be continued here.
For the apple, no better compost can be found, adding to every cart-load a
bushel of lime when ashes alone are used. For the pear, add a bushel of
broken bones and a bushel of ashes. For the plum and quince, add to the
cart-load, if none was included before, half a bushel of lime and a peck of salt.
For the grape-vine, half a bushel of lime, a bushel of ashes, and a half-bushel
of plaster. For the peach, nectarine, and cherry, add to every cart-load of
the compost a bushel of fresh or two bushels of leached ashes. For the fig
and the orange, a bushel of broken bones and two of crushed charcoal. For
the plum, in sandy land-where only those worked on the peach should be
planted-with each load of compost mix an equal quantity of strong loam or
Composts and manures for fruit-trees should be prepared with a view to
the kind of tree to which they are to be applied. Experience, which has in
this case been fully sustained by chemical analysis, proves that different trees
require different manures to a considerable extent.
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The Texas Almanac for 1871, and Emigrant's Guide to Texas., book, 1871~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123776/m1/30/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.