The Texas Almanac for 1872, and Emigrant's Guide to Texas. Page: 67
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TEXAS AND TILE WEST. 67
Grande, or at any intermediate point in.Texas where four feet of water can
be found, and then that emigration which has been kept away from the coast
country of Texas, because of the cost, fear and annoyance of an ocean pas-
sage, will be floated to that desirable section of the State from all the valleys
east of the Mississippi river, in such home-built boats and fiats as have
carried thousands of families with their household effects to new homes in
the West, at but little cost or trouble.
In regard to the cost of that portion of the work from the Mississippi to
the Rio Grande, in which Texas would be mostly interested, and which
would connect the channels, rivers and bayous of that State with the navi-
gable waters of the Mississippi valley, it would be safe to estimate as cost-
ing less than is paid in any one year by the people of Texas for transpor-
tation across the Gulf of Mexico, in excess of profitable freight charges to
inland boats and barges for the same service, to say nothing of the extra
hazard and risk of an ocean voyage.
Give to Texas this inland connection with the great system of internal
navigation of the Mississippi valley and its proposed extension, and then,
with its advantages for transoceanic commerce and its completed railroads
from the interior to these water lines, cities like qt. Louis, Chicago and
Cincinnati will soon be the result.
TEXAS AND THE WEST
A recent writer, describing "the Western domain," begins with Texas, of
which he remarks as follows:
" Commencing with Texas, we have a territory of 280,000 square miles of
arable land, much of which is unsurpassed by any of like extent on the conti
nent; with many millions of acres within the valley of the Rio Grande, which
by travelers has been pronounced the Italy of -America. This vast territory,
with its long stretch of sea coast broken at convenient intervals with good
harbors, the interior penetrated by large rivers-the Rio Grande being navi
gable for a long distance-with soil and climate fitting it for the growth of
the temperate and tropical fruits and cereal productions, is capable of sup-
porting in independence and comfort a population of one hundred millions,
without the least inconvenience from overcrowding."
Texas can never cease to be a part of the South; but it is no less tru3 that
our State forms a portion of the great West. The initial point of the line
which unites Texas to the-West is at the mouth of the Sabine river; and the
extreme northern limit is the Red River of the North, where it enters the
British possessions, and forms the boundary between Minnesota and Dakota.
This line leaves Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana on the
east, and throws Texas, the Indian Territory, Kansas, Nebraska and Dakota
on the west. It gives to the East thirty States, covering an area of 1,160.288
square miles, with a population of nearly forty millions; and to the West
sixteen States and Territories, with an area of 2,589,291 square miles, and a
population of less than three millions. Taking arable land into account,
there is not much disparity in the size of the two sections. The greatest dif-
ference is in population; but then the total increase of population for the
whole country is about 35 per cent., while the average increase of the West is
the enormous sum of 345.96 per cent., which would give the Western section
six millions of people in 1870, and must soon greatly reduce the disparity
between it and the East.
It will be seen, by the above extract, that our side of the Gulf coast is
regarded as a very important portion of the West. This is quite natural
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The Texas Almanac for 1872, and Emigrant's Guide to Texas., book, 1872~; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123777/m1/83/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.