Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide for 1904 Page: 137
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THE TEXAS ALMANAC. 187
from such dealings the only one the evil results would be less serious,
but after one such an experience it is unsafe even for a reliable party
to attempt the establishment of a creamery, although possibly in the
meantime the number of cows within reach may have multiplied suffi-
ciently to afford ample milk supply for a profitably conducted plant.
As was before stated the population of the State has increased so
very rapidly that it has been necessary to send outside for manufac-
tured dairy products. Those owning and operating dairies have found
the demand for cream so good and the profits from its sale so much
greater than from the sale of butter that until the competition in the
cream and milk trade becomes keener the encouragement to market
butter instead will be wanting.
For the most part our conditions greatly resemble those prevailing
in the countries where our special purpose dairy cows have originated;
that is in the climate, plant growth and altitude, while the other
features which make Jersey Island and Holland noted as dairy countries,
namely, their intensive system of agriculture and dense population and
their proximity to large markets, are very rapidly approaching in Texas.
In fact, the home market itself creates, sufficient demand and the rapidity
with which farmers are coming to take advantage of the opportunities
presented is reflected in the enormous sales of cream separators sold
since the taking of the last census which gave us such a very low rank
among the dairy states.
THE BEE INDUSTRY OF TEXAS.
By LOUIS H. SCHOLL, Apiarist A. & M. College of Tex., Sec. Tex.
Texas, the greatest-of states, is the 'leading honey producing State
in the Union. With the great number of 400,000 colonies of bees and a
good deal more than four- million pounds of honey as the annual output,
Texas has won the first place on the list apiculturally.
It has only been a dozen years or so since apiculture in this State
received any of the attention it should have had in the way of employing
up-to-date methods and appliances. Heretofore the old "log-gum" or
the "box-hive" reigned supreme and the brimstone-pit and "robbing-
time" were known only too well to our beekeeping ancestors of those
days. But a great and wonderful change has taken place. New ideas
have sprung up. New hives and better methods of management have
taken the place of many thousands of the old style hives and the old
ways of keeping bees. The result is that we can now enjoy at least a
share, apiculturally, that belongs to us.
But the simple fact that Texas is in the lead now does not mean
that it, as a honey producer, is where it ought to be. No, not at all, for,
in spite of the fact that -it stands at the head with its enormous output
and number of colonies, we can safely say that still 90 per cent of this
large number are kept in the very kind of "good old gums, and just as
our grandfathers used to keep them." And all that to the great detri-
ment of the owners themselves and to all of the beekeepers of the State.
As long as this kind of hives is tolerated, apiculture in Texas will never
reach the high level that ought to be reached. These hives must be
gotten out of the way. It does not pay to keep such, and the sooner they
are replaced with good frame hives the better for the owner of the bees
and the State and its beekeepers as a whole.-
Then it will pay any man to make this change as it will mean money
in his jocket to have his bees in such a hive that he can manipulate
properly and obtain a fair crop of honey in marketable shape, for which
he can get a good price. What can he expect to do with bees in the old
gum? Nothing that is really worth anything. He may get a few pounds
of honey if the season is very favorable. On the other hand, the bee-
keeper with the right kind of hive is making 100 pounds or more to the
colony and that, too, in the best shape for the market. Such a one
succeeds, but the slovenly fellow, with his few pounds of inferior chunks
of honey cut out of his gum will never get there. His honey goes
begging for want of a buyer, and finally he dumps it off on somebody
for almost any old price just to get rid of the stuff. These are the very
people who can assure us that beekeeping does not pay.
The above will give a very good idea of the kind of beekeepers who
are helping so much to make our honey of a far more inferior grade,
when taken as a whole, than that of any of the other states. While Texas
has some of the best and the largest apiarists, or beekeepers that we
have anywhere, yet in proportion to these few there are thousands of
those who are stil4 of the old sort with their old-time logs or box-gums.
These fellows, while they help to make the quantity of Texas' bee
product large, at the same time help to very materially decrease -the
quality and that means a decreased money value on account of the
inferior quality of the product.
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Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide for 1904, book, May 1904; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123779/m1/149/: accessed November 29, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.