Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide for 1911 with Map Page: 16
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THE TEXAS ALMANAC.
ton) ; Charles F. Choate, Jr., citizen
of Massachusetts (Boston).
Secretary of the Institution-Charles
The Tariff Board.
Henry C. Emery. Chairman: James
B. Reynolds and Alvin H. Sanders; L.
M. Spier, Secretary.
Interstate Commerce Commission.
H. B. Meyer, of Wisconsin.
Judson C. Clements, of Georgia.
Charles A. Prouty, of Vermont.
Francis M. Cockrell, of Missouri.
Franklin K. Lane, of California.
Edgar E. Clark, of Iowa.
James S. Harlan, of Illinois.
Secretary-Edward A. Moseley.
Civil Service Commission.
Commissioners-John C. Black, Presi-
John A. Mellhenny.
William S. Washburn.
Chief Examiner-George R. Wales.
Secretary-John T. Doyle.
International Bureau, American
The Directors-John Barrett.
Secretary-Francisco J. Ynes.
American National Red Cross.
President-William H. Taft.
Vice-President--Robert W. de Forest.
Secretary-Charles L. Magee.
Treasurer-Chas. D. Norton.
Counselor-Lloyd W. Bowers.
National Director-Ernest P. Bick-
Isthmian Canal Commission.
Chief, Capt. F. C. Boggs, Corps of
Engineers, U. S. A.; Commissioners
(on the Isthmus) Lieut.-Col. Geo. W.
Goethals, Culebra; Lieut.-Col. F. H.
Hodges, Culebra; Major D. D. Gaillard,
Empire; Major W. L. Silbert, Gatun;
H. H. Roesseau. Culebra; M. B.
Thatcher, Ancon; Col. Wm. C. Gorgas,
Ancon; Secretary, Joseph C. Bishop,
Philippine Island Commission.
Governor-General, James F. Smith;
Vice-Governor, W. Cameron Forbes;
Dean C. Worcester, Jose R. Luzuriaga,
Gregorio Araneta, Newton W. Gilbert.
ARMY AND NAVY STATISTICS.
(For the Fiscal Year Ending June 30,
Actual strength of U. S.
Army in officers and men. 81,778
Actual strength of U. S.
Navy in officers and men. 55,548
Increase in army last year.. 3,612
Increase in navy last year.. 1,538
Strength of organized militia
in officers and men...... 118,926
Total reserve strength U. S.
Enlistments from Texas during fiscal
Navy ...................... . 661
Army ........................ 89
THE TEXAS STATE GOVERNMENT.
Texas has owed allegiance to six Governments and has been under as
many flags. There have waved over her in token of sovereignty the fleur-
de-lis of France, the royal banner of Spain, the flag of the Mexican Republic,
that of the Republic of Texas, the stars and stripes of the American Union,
and for four years the stars and bars of the Southern Confederacy. Her history
is unique, romantic and attractive, dating back almost to the inception of the
oldest States. A European colony was founded on her soil in the seventeenth
century, but it faded away, and years elapsed before pernianent settlement began.
The foundations of Texas were laid
not as the colony of a mother country
and with the protection of a home
government, but by Americans who
came as strangers to a strange land to
establish colonies in a wilderness, in
the presence of savages and under
terms imposed by a foreign Govern-
ment, the-laws, language and customs
of which were to them new, and in
many respects unsuited. Living under
a Government which was in constant
ferment, unstable and uncertain, sub-
jected to many wrongs and oppression,
and denied the rights originally guar-
anteed them, these colonists at length
proclaimed and established their inde-
pendence and erected the Republic of
Texas. Annexation to the United
States was the logical and inevitable
sequence, and it came after ten years
of autonomous government. Texas is
the only State of the Union which was
ever an independent Nation.
It is now known that Spanish ex-
plorers sailed around the coast of the
Gulf of Mexico as early as 1519 and
claimed the territory for the Spanish
crown, while there were explorations
of the interior of Texas as early as
1535, and parties from Mexico fre-
quently invaded it, beginning with
Coronado in 1540. Nevertheless, Spain
showed no definite purpose to colonize
the territory until after LaSalle's land-
ing in 1685.
The unhappy effort of LaSalle to
establish a colony in the territory now
known as Texas .is one of the saddest
incidents in American history. Three
years after he had immortalized his
name by the discovery of the mouth of
the Mississippi River, he returned to
the Western world commissioned by the
French King to establish colonies. It
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Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide for 1911 with Map, book, January 1911; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123781/m1/26/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.