1927 The Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 58
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IS THE TEXAS ALMANAC.
ster Counties there are smaller irrigated
areas. Cotton, corn, alfalfa, wheat and
other staple crops are grown. There are
some fine apple orchards in the Fort Da-
vis region, and the El Paso area is Texas'
chief commercial producer of pears.
Rich in Minerals.
The Trans-Pecos region is particularly
rich in mineral resources, though due to
-the distance of most of it from railroad
transportation, there has been no great
development. Silver has been mined at
Shafter inoPresidio County for half a cen-
tury, and some copper and lead ores have
been taken from this and the Van Horn
area. One of the largest quicksilver
mines in the Unfited States is located at
Terlingua in the lower part of Brewster
County. Large deposits of sulphur are
found in Reeves County. Fine granites
and marbles are found in this territory,
but handicap in transportation facilities
has prevented development. El Paso, in-
ternational gateway, smelting center and
great wholesale market for a wide terri-
tory in Texas, New Mexico and the Re-
public of Mexico, is the chief city, and
one of the rapid growing populous cen-
ters of Texas.
Central Texas is not as easily defined
as some of the other sections of the
State. It may be said to include the ter-
ritory lying above the Coastal plain and
west of the East Texas wooded belt, and
extending westward and northward to
the Edlards Plateau and Midwest Texas
on the one hand and to North Central
Texas on the other. It covers approxi-
mately the central and lower sections of
the black land belt, the grand prairie and
the west cross timbers. It may be said
also to include the Central Mineral Re-
gion, or at least that part lying north of
the Colorado River in Burnet and Lam-
pasas Counties. The altitude of this re-
gion ranges from 150 or 200 feet on the
southeast to about 800 or 900 feet on the
west and northwest.
It includes such centers as Austin, Waco
and Temple and is sn intensive farming
country, especially in the eastern half,
which lies largely within the belt of the
black land prairies. Williamson, Milam,
Travis, Bell and McLennan are among the
most productive agricultural counties in
the State. In the western part of this
area, Bosque, Coryell, Lampasas and Bur-
net Counties are producers of cotton, corn
and oats, and have a live stock, poultry
and dairying industry.
The mineral resources of this territory
are considerable. The Texas lignite belt
runs through Milam and Bastrop Coun-
ties and there are a number of producing
mines. There are great deposits of ex-
cellent limestone and there are a number
of quarries, with lime production at
Round Rock, Austin and New Braunfels.
There is oil production at Luling and some
other points, and there are numerous val-
uable minerals found in the Central Min-
eral Region, which lies between Central
Texas and the Edwards Plateau,
South Central Texas.
The southern extension of Central Texas
into the region of Hays, Caldwell, Lee,
Bastrop and Fayette and contiguous coun-
ties is commonly referred to as South
Central Texas. It lies partly in the black
land belt and partly in the southwestern
extension of the post oak belt. It is an
excellent farming country, with an aver-
age rainfall ranging around thirty-five
inches annually and having a variety of
soils ranging from black clay through
loams and sandy loams to sands. Besides
cotton and corn there is a growing pro-
duction of truck and fruit crops on a
,commercial scale in this region. There is
a considerable dairying and stock farm-
ing industry and some of the counties,
notably DeWitt, which may be said to lie
on the border between South Central
Texas and the coastal plain, is one of
the largest and the most consistent ship-
per of turkeys in the State.
The entire Central Texas area is excep-
tionally adapted to a wide variety of
farm industries and enjoys excellent mar-
ket 'facilities through its proximity to
many populous centers and its good rail-
road facilities to both north and south.
The Population of Texas.
Statistics upon the present and past
population of Texas are given in another
section of this volume. (See index.) Over
a period of years Texas has gained in
population as consistently as any of the
larger States. First settlements in Texas
were made in the region of San Antonio,
along the coast and in lower East Texas
in the vicinity of Nacogdoches. Under
the colonization system of- the Mexican
Government, from 1821 to 1835, these ter.
ritories made considerable gains, most of
the colonists coming from the United
States. Under the Republic and early
statehood until the period of the Civil
War greatest increases in population were
in these territories with the beginnings of
the settlement of the black and grand
prairies, of Central and North Central
Texas. The real settlement of the great
inland regions of Texas began with the
construction of the first long railroad
lines across the State in the early and
middle '70s. There was a small move-
ment of population into the Midwest
Texas area during the '80s. After 1870
no great difficulty was experienced with
the Indians, but railroad facilities were
very limited in the West Texas area. The
Texas & Pacific and the Fort Worth &
Denver were the first.to span West Texas,
and the Santa Fe, during the '80s built
up through Brownwood to San Angelo.
After 1900 there was considerable railroad
construction in this territory and set-
tlement up to the "cap rock" was rapid.
The most recent notable developments in
the distribution of the population of
Texas has been in South Texas in the vi-
cinity below Corpus Christi, especially in
the Rio Grande Valley, and in the Pan-
handle and South Plains areas of North-
west Texas. Due to a drouth extending
throughout the greater parts of 1917 and
1918, Midwest Texas 'did not -make an
especially good showing in population in-
crease between the census reports of 1910
and 1920, except in the territories where
oil was discovered, but settlement -since
the latter date has been very rapid.
In 1920 Texas had, according to the re-
port of the United States Bureau of the
Census, 17.8 inhabitants to the square
mile, as against 14.8 in 1910 and 11.6 in
1900., The population per square mile in
1926 is approximately 19.8, based upon
the estimate of the Bureau of the Census.
The United States in 1920 had 35.5 popu-
lation per square mile which was almost
actly twice the Texas density of popula-
tion. If Texas ever brings her popular
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1927 The Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1927~; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123785/m1/62/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.