The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 200
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200 THE TEXAS ALMANAC.
Maps above show the westward march of the cotton growing industry in Texas.
In 1880 Texas produced 1.224.162 bales; in 1899, 2,609,018 bales; in 1916, 3,725,700 bales.
and in 1926, 5,628,000 bales.
was produced in 1891, and the first crop
of more than 3,000,000 bales came only
three years later, 1894. The first 4,000,000
bale crop was produced in 1906, and the
first 5,000,000 bale crop in 1926.
Early cotton production was primarily
in the "wood and water" sections of
Texas, the postoak belt and the pine
woods of South, Southeast and East
Texas. The first great impetus given cot-
ton production was the settlement of the
black land belt which became general
with the extension of railroads into Cen-
tral and North Texas in the early '70s.
The second great impetus was given by
the settlement of the fertile prairie lands
of Middle West Texas, including Jones,
Runnels, Coleman, Taylor, Wilbarger,
Childress and adjacent counties, which be-
gan in the early '90s and continued rap-
idly for a quarter of a century There is
still much good land in the large cattle-
men's holdings in this area that will
eventually go into cotton.
Cotton on Plains.
More recent developments have been
the spread of the cotton growing indus-
try to the lower Panhandle counties and
the South Plains and the breaking up of
large land holdings in the coast plain
near Corpus Christi, particularly in
Nueces and San Patricio Counties.
The most remarkable development has
been in the South Plains around Lubbock,
Dawson, Lynn, Crosby and adjacent coun-
ties. These counties were producing
2,000 and 3,000 bales each in 1916. In
1926 production of these counties ranged
generally from 40,000 to 75,000 bales. (See
index for table: "Texas Cotton Production
by Counties, 1916-1927," printed elsewhere
in this volume.) Not only has this ter-
ritory developed a .arge production, but
it has developed some harvesting innova-
Cotton cultivation is mentioned in the
ancient Vedas of India; it was harvested
in that day, 1,500 or more years B. C., just
as it is harvested throughout the South
today-by the toilsome method of hand
picking, a method that has persisted
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The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1928~; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123786/m1/203/: accessed January 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.