The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 279
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THE TEXAS ALMANAC.
front the Galveston channel It has ex-
cellent port facilities. During the year
1926 arrival of 419 steamers was recorded.
It had an inbound coastwise trade of $21,-
714,170 and an outbound trade of $60,091,-
174. Imports amounted to $9,961,121 and
exports to $10,356,718 Total local, coast-
wise and foreign trade amounted to
4.122,680 tons, valued at $103,914,288 In
1904 this port had a total commerce of
less than $1,000,000; in 1908 it was $22,-
875,732; in 1915, $41,593,481; in 1921, $69,-
435,979. Cotton, petroleum products, sul-
phur and wheat are its chief articles of
export. A large sugar refinery is located
here and there is a large importation of
crude sugar for refining.
Port Arthur lies at the mouth of Sa-
bine Bay and is only a short distance
from deep water. It is the seat of a
gigantic petroleum refining industry and
does a large foreign and coastwise trade.
Though its outbound shipments are not as
valuable as those of Galveston or Hous-
ton, it frequently leads in tonnage. Pe-
troleum and petroleum products, cotton,
lumber and other timber products, rice
and cottonseed products are exported and
shipped out in coastwise commerce. There
are two harbors wlth modern dock and
terminal facilities It was founded with
a view to making it a port and industrial
center and its development has been very
rapid. With an enormously productive
hinterland, good rail oad connections, ex-
cellent terminal facilities and thriving in-
dustrles it should witness continued
The Beaumont harbor lies at the end of
one prong of the Sabine-Neches water-
way. It is connected with the Gulf by a
channel leading through Neches River and
Sabine Bay. For the year 1926 its foreign
imports were 175,064 tons, valued at $1,-
513,576, and domestic imports were 37,312
tons, valued at $8,713,352. Foreign exports
were 1,504,898 tons, valued at $46,751,606,
and domestic outgoing commerce was
4,256,545 tons, valued at $70,075,473 Total
commerce of the port was 5,973,819 tons,
valued at $126,054,007. Large petroleum
and other industries are located here.
Cotton, lumber and rice are the chief com-
modities of export
Orange is at the end of the Sabine prong
of the Sabine-Neches waterway and is
connected with the Gulf by waterway
having a minimum width of 125 feet. It
has first-class dock and terminal facilities
and a large paper mill and lumbering and
allied industries are located here.
Freeport is at the mouth of the Brazos
and is connected with deep water by a
short channel. One of the large sulphur
producing industries of the world is lo-
cated here and there are large outbound
shipments for both foreign and domestic
Corpus Christi is the latest addition to
the deep water ports of Texas. The
wharves at Corpus Christi are connected
with the Gulf by channel through Corpus
Christi Bay via Ingleside and Aransas
Pass. The year 1927 witnessed the first
heavy traffic since the completion of the
channel, and the commerce exceeded all
expectations. To Jan. 1, 1928, the Corpus
Christi exports had amounted to 81,449.37
tons; imports, 5,997.35 tons; outbound
coastwise trade, 511.83 tons; inbound
coastwise trade, 7,421.32 tons; intracoastal
canal traffic, 3,134 64 tons; total for year,
98,514.51 tons. Exports included 185,619
bales of cotton, and 32,822 tons of cotton
seed products. Iron and steel products
were the chief imports. From Ingleside
5,671,507 41 barrels of petroleum were
shipped in coastwise traffic and 75,655.38
barrels were exported. Total commerce
through the channel for the year amount-
ed to 991,621.79 tons. Corpus Christi has
an enormously productive territory be-
hind it Construction of the tentative
railroad line from San Antonio to the
northwest across the Edwards Plateau
would greatly increase its commerce.
A project of importance to Texas coast-
wise trade is the Intracoastal Canal. When
completed this canal will extend from the
mouth of the Rio Grande below Browns-
ville to the Mississippi River at New Or-
leans. At present it has been completed
to shallow depth from Galveston to Cor-
pus Christi and-to slightly greater
depth-from the Sabine to the Mississippi.
Active steps toward completion of this
project by deepening it and making it a
continuous waterway were taken during
Figures are for January. 1928"
Texas School for the Blind-Austin, 1856. A. C
Ellis, superintendent; 236 students; value of prop-
erxas School for the Deaf-Austin; 1856; T. M
Scott, superintendent; 318 students; value of prop-
State School for Deaf. Dumb and Blind for Col-
ored Youths-Austin, 1887; J. D. Martinii, superin-
tendent; 221 students; value of property, $500,000.
Statq Tuberculosis Sanatorium-On the North
Concho River, Sanatorium, Tom Green County.
Texas, near San Angelo: established 1911; Dr. J.
B McKnight, superintendent: capacity, 450 pa-
tients, value of property. $1,000,000
Home for Neglected and Dependent Children-
Waco, 1919. E. B. McMordie, superintendent; 78
children, value of property, $206,340.
State Juvenile Training School-Opened 1888; C.
E King, superintendent; H. E. Luck, chaplain; 897
inmates, 70 employes; value of property, $626,700;
Inniates under 17 years of age, admitted on court
State Home and School-Corsicana. J Stanford
Halley. superintendent; 591 children, value of
Confederate Home-Austin: 1891: A W. Taber,
superintendent; 360 residents; value of property,
Confederate Woman's Home-Austin. 1911: Mrs
S .1. Thomas, superintendent; 105 residents; value
of property. $113.673.
Austin State School-Austin: 1913; Dr. J W.
Bradfield, superintendent;: number of students,
621; value of property, $875,213
Austin State Hospital-Austin, 1857: Dr J. G
Springer, superintendent: 1,890 patients, value of
property, 1926, $1,294.333.14.
San Antonio State Hospital-San Antonio: 1889.
Dr. W. J. Johnson, superintendent, 2,132 patients;
value of property, $1,283,002.
Wichita Falls State Hospital-Wichita Falls;
1917; Dr. Charles wV. Castner, superintendent;
1,100 patients; value of property, $1,440,200 -
Terrell State Hospital-Terrell; 1883; Dr. George
F. Powell, superintendent, 1,884 patients; value of
Girls' Training School-Gainesville: 1913, Mrs
Agnes Stephen, superintendent, 143 girls; value of
property. $221 485.
Rusk State Hospital-Rusk; 1917; 1,300 patients;
value of property. $851,700
Abilene State Hospital-Abilene; Dr. T. B. Bass,
superintendent; 1901; 765 patients; value of prop-
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The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1928~; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123786/m1/282/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.