The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 55
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T'H fI TEXAS AIANAC.
Al:lndoned renlains of a typical piion,
the first house erected in IBrown County.
1867, put the South under military rule.
(Gen. Phillip Sherida:tn wats placed in com-
mand of the ''Texas-Louisiana D)ivision and
he removed Thra kI(. flIorton frorn office,
naming Ex-(ov. 'Pe:se in his place. The
second constitutional convention was held
in Austin in June. 1S68, and after many
months of iwranglinga constitution n was
adopted in the following February. In
February, 1870, the Iegislature ratified
the Fourteenth and Fifteenthl Amendments
to the Federal (Constitution, and on March
30 of that year 'Te'xas was readmitted to
('oke and l)avis..
Gtov. E. J. IlDais, a IHlpubllican, elected
on the adoptiiin of the Constitution of
1869 to a term of four years, proved un-
popular with the ,'people of the State and
he was decisively defeated by Richard
Coke in the campaign of 1873. Davis re-
fused tio yield the office and for a brief
space two adiniiistrationls occupied the
Capitol lluilding. 'resident G(rant, how-
ever, refused to listen to Davis' appeal for
assistance and lie was forced to retire.
The election of C('(ke to office had been
preceded by the election of 1)Democratic
menlmbers to Con'gress, so the people once
again found thelmlscelves ill possession of
the State. The institutiontin of 1869 con-
tained nmlnv olnliio ioiis iirovisioils, ho v-
ever, and tlhe conllstitutiiial conV(elltilin of
1875 adoptd niew articles which were
ratified by the Ipe10 lle lilte folloxiig year,
giving the State its 1res'nt Constitution.
After 1876 the State recovered rapidly
from the evil effects of war and recon-
struction; the history of the State since
that period has been a story of industrial
and commlllerci al ,expansion. (Cov. lRoberts,
who was elected Governor in 1879, soon
put the State on a sound financial basis
with his "lpay-as-you-go"' policy. The
old Capitol burned in 1881 and the pres-
eer Texas home. This is said to have heen
ent structure, which was built at a cost of
3.000,000 acres of land, was dedicated in
18SS8. Other notable occurrences have
been the establishment of the University
of Texas in 1883, establishment of the
Railroad Commission under Gov. Hogg's
memorable administration in 1891, the loss
of Greer County to Oklahoma in 1896, the
Galveston storm of 1900, the passage of
the Terrell election law in 1905 and the
strenuous days of the world conflict which
are still fresh in the memory of every
inan and woman.
The foregoing is a brief political history
of Texas. Equally significant has been its
phenomenal industrial and commercial de-
velopment. Range cattle raising and sim-
ple cotton and corn farming have been
succeeded by scientific stock farming and
industrialized crop pIroduction. The earth's
great resources of petroleum, sulphur, coal
and lignite and other minerals have been
discovered and brought forth to enrich the
people of Texas. The railroads have
spread their network of steel lanes of
traffic across the broad surface of the
State and tall chimneys of factories have
arisen. Such events comprise the real his-
to ry of Texas; of this phenomenal eco-
nomic development more is told in the
TEXAS LENGTH AND BREADTH.
The greatest length of Texas, north to south, is
740 iiiles; the greatest breadtli is 825 miles. It is
farther from Texarkana to El 'aso than from
'Texarkana to ('liago.
The numnner of publications in Texas is 879, pub-
lished in 530 cities and towns. There are 106 daily
newspapers. 28 semi-weekly and tri-weekly, 662
weekly, 9 semi-monthly, 67 monthly, 1 bi-monthly
and 6 quarterly publications.
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The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1928~; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123786/m1/58/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.