The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 80
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80 THE TEXAS ALMANAC.
I Shortleaf Pine
3Long lea Pine
5 East Cros55Tmber5
8 West Cross Tim bers
7 Gedar (Main Belt)
8 Mesqui tc
Mounta -n Timbers
Timber Belts of Texas.
Houston, Walker and Montgomery Coun-
ties. It enters Harris County from the
north and there strikes the coastal plain;
from this point to the Louisiana border
the boundary of the pine belt lies about
twenty to forty miles from the coast.
The pine belt is divided into three tol-
erably distinct sections, the shortleaf, the
longleaf and the ]oblolly.
The shortleaf pine belt extends from
Bowie and Red River Counties south into
Trinity, Angelina, San Augustine, and
Sabine Counties. Most of the early lum-
ber production was from this area. Today
most of the virgin pine has been cut. Over
six million acres, or 58 per cent of the
area, is now owned by farmers. However,
45 per cent of this farm land' is still
classified as woodland according to the
agricultural census of 1925. This census
indicates that 64 per cent of the total area
of 10,432,000 acres included in this region
is still woodland-chiefly second growth
pine. It is estimated by the Texas Forest
Service that, including hardwood bottoms,
more than two million acres carry forest
now marketable. Many small sawmills
continue to operate in the region, cutting
pine chiefly. There are also fourteen bas-
ket and crate factories using gum and
other hardwoods. It is quite probable that
for some years to come the present ratio
of cultivated land to woodland will re-
main almost constant, due chiefly to the
tendency of farmers to farm present
cleared land more intensively in prefer-
ence to clearing new ground for increased
acreage with continued low yields. Since
45 per cent of the average farm in this
region is, according to the 1925 agricul-
tural census, in woodland, the farmers of
this region have an excellent opportunity
to grow timber as a farm crop. There
remains in this territory considerable val-
uable hardwoods, a variety of oak, gum,
walnut, hickory, ash and other timbers,
and there is an appreciable commercial
production for furniture and fixtures,
baskets and other pror' -cts.
The longleaf belt lies south of the
shortleaf belt in what is known as the
deep sand belt, which is in Middle South-
east Texas centered in Tyler, Hardin,
Polk, Trinity, Sabine, Newton, Jasper, An-
gelina and San Jacinto Counties. It is
here that the heavy lumber production
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The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1928~; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123786/m1/83/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.