The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 84
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84 THE TEXAS ALMlANAC.
Below is list of the better known trees native to
Texas The trees are listed in alphabetical order
according to their common names, with technical
names following. Brief remarks on location and
uses are made.
Acacia, Rio Grande. Acacia subtortuosa Shafer.
Along Mexican border.
Alder, Smooth. Alnus rugosa K. Koch. Along
streams. Fuel, charcoal.
Ash, American Flowering. Fraxinus cuspidata
Torrey. West Texas canyons.
Ash, Berlandier's. Fraxinus Berlandieri de Con-
dolle. Southwest Texas.
Ash, Gregg's, Fraxinus Greggi Gray. West
Texas limestone cliffs.
Ash, Prickly, Fagara clara Herculis (L ) small.
Along coast and north to Red River in eastern part
Ash, Red. Fraxinus Pennsylvanica Marshall.
East Texas moist bottom soil. Agricultural imple-
Ash, Texas. Fraxinus Texensii. West Texas hill-
Ash, Toummey's. Fraxinus Toumeyi Britton.
West Texas canyons. Shade.
Ash, Velvety, Fraxinus veluntina. Torrey. Trans-
Ash, Water, Fraxinus Carolinians Miller. East
of Sabine River Not valuable.
Ash, White. Fraxinus Americana L. East Texas
bottoms Implement and handle manufacturing
Basswood, Tilia Americana. East Texas. Fur-
mture Little in Texas.
Beech. ragus Americana Sweet. East Texas.
Building material, fuel, staves, heading. Nuts
Beech, Water, Blue (or American Hornbeam).
Carpinus Caroliniana Walt. Moist woodlands. Non-
Birch, Water, Red.. Betula nigra L. Banks of
East Texas streams. Furniture, fuel
Bois d'Arc. (Also known as Osage Orange and
Bow Wood ) Toxylon pomiferum Raf. In East
Texas and extending in native state into Central
Texas Finest specimens in America found along
Red River in Northeast Texas Widely introduced
on the prairies by early settlers as hedge timber,
and many of these hedges remain. A very durable
wood. Limited use in past in manufacture of
wagons, tools, etc
Box Elder. Rulac negundo, A. S. Hitchcock
Box Elder, Texas. Rulac Texana Small. Along
Buckeye, Red, Aesculus Pavia L. East Texas.
Buckeye, Southern, Aesculus Austrina Small
East Texas bottoms.
Buckeye, Spanish. Ungnadia speciosa Endliclies
Streams and canyons West and Southwest Texas
Buckeye, Sweet. Aesculus octandra Marshall.
Tree in East Texas, shrub in West Texas valleys
Buckthorn, Arizona, Bumelia rigida Small.
Along West Texas streams
Buckthorn, Southern. Bumelia lacioldes East
Buckthorn, Wooly. Bumelia languinosa Persoon.
East and Central Texas.
Bumelia, Shining. Bumella lucida Small. East
Burning Bush, Euonymus atropurpusens. East
and Central Texas. A beautiful shrub.
Button Bush. Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Low
ground in East Texas. Ornamental.
Buttonwood (see Sycamore).
Catalpa. Catalpa catalpa. Common in Texas.
Catalpa, Hardy. Catalpa speciosa Worder. East
Texas Posts, ornamental.
Cat's Claw,. Acacia Wrightii Bentham. West and
Southwest Texas. Known for honey blossom Fuel.
Cedar, Mountain (or Thick-Barked Juniper).
Sabina pachyphlaea Torr. West Texas.
Cedar, Mountain, Sabinia sabinoides Small.
Limestone hills of Central and West Texas. Fence
posts, telegraph poles, fuel.
Cedar, Red, Sabinia Virginians Antoine. East
Texas, Cedar chests, furniture, posts, pencils. Pro-
duces oil of Juniper. Also grown as ornamental.
Cedar, Rocy Mountain, Sabinia scopulorum Sar-
gent. West Texas.
Trees of Texas.
Cherry, Choke. Padus "Virginiana (L.) Roemer.
Cherry. Indian Rhllamnus Carollania Walter
Streams and hillsides. Ornamental.
Cherry, Texas. Padus exlmia Small. South
Cherry, Wild (or Black). Padus serotina Agardh.
East Texas and Trans-Pecos mountains. Good fur-
Chinquapin. Castanea pumila Miller. Railroad
ties, fence posts Edible nuts.
Coral Bean, Deciduous, Sophora affins Gray
West to San Antonio and Upper Colorado.
Coral Bean, Evergreen. Sophora secundiflora Sec.
South and Southwest Texas. -Common on limestone
Cordia Boissieri A. de Condolle. Limestone soil,
Southwest Texas. Medicinal, ornamental.
Corkwood. Leitnera Floridana Chapm Brazos
swamps. Lightest wood in Texas. Used for floats
for fishing nets.
Cornel, Stiff, Svida stricta Small. Swampy
places, East Texas.
Cottonwood (or Carolina Poplar), Populus del-
toldes Marshall Streams. 'Boxwood, siding, sheet-
Ing, excelsior and pulp. Supply almost exhausted.
Grown as shade.
Cottonwood. Populus Fremontii Watson, West
Texas streams, and in North Central Texas. Small
commercial production of timber, but merchantable
stand almost depleted. Planted as shade tree.
Cottonwood, Populus Wislizeni Sarg. Rio Grande
Crab Apple, Malus sourlardli Britton. In East
Texas woods Ornamental
Crooked Bush. Adella Acuminta Michx. East
Texas bottoms Beautiful hedge shrub.
Cypress, Bald, Taxodium distichum L. C. Rich-
ard Neches Valley. Large trees chiefly in swamp
and overflow land. Extremely slow growth. Wood
light and soft-grained but not strong. Also found
along some spring-fed streams of Southwest Texas.
Devil's Claw, Acacia Greggi A. Gray. Between
San Saba River and Devil's River and south to Rio
Dogwood, Flowering, Cynoxylon floridum L. Rob.
(See also Cornel). East and Central Texas. Orna-
mental. Some sawmill production from this tree.
Ebony, Texas. Siderocarpus 'flexicaulihs Small.
South Texas Cabinet work.
Elder, American. Sambucus Canadensis L. East
and Central Texas.
Elder, Mexican, Sambucus Mexicana Presl.
Southwest and West Texas
Elm, American. Ulmus Americana. Good coop-
erage timber. A favorite shade tree.
Elm, Cedar, Ulmus crassifolia Nutall. Most com-
mon elm ina Texas. Shade.
Elm, Shppery (or Red). Ulmus fulva Michaux.
West to valley of San Antonio River. Posts, shade.
Fig. Feius .carica L. Cultivated throughout
South Texas for its fruit. Grown in East Texas as
far north as Red River.
Fringe Tree. Chiananthus Virginica L. Rocky
Gum, Nyssa aquatic L. Swampy ground west
to Nueces River
Gum, Sour, Nyssa sylvatica Marshall. Brazos
Valley. Box board material.
Hackberry, Heller's. Celtis Helleri Small. South
Texas. Similar to Mississippi Hackberry. Street
and ornamental trees.
Hackberry, Mississippi, Celtis Mississippiensis
Bose. Commonest shade tree in Texas. .Fuel, posts.
Hackberry, Thick Leaved. Celtis reticulata Tor-
rey. Widely distributed. Shade.
Hackberry, White. Celtis occidentalis L. Only
in East Texas. Uses similar to ash. Shade.
Haw, Black. Viburnum rudifulum Rafinesque.
Haw, Parsley, Crataegus apiifolia Michx. West
to Trinity River.
Haw, Purple. Condalia obovate Hooker. West
Hickory, Black (or Pignut), Hicoria glabra
Britton. Nueces Valley and East Texas. Manufac-
ture vehicles and machinery.
Hickory, Nutmeg (or Bitter Walnut). Hicoria
myrsticaeformis Britton. Along swamps and
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The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1928~; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123786/m1/87/: accessed April 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.