The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 90
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90 THE TEXAS ALMANAC
Graph shows annual fluctuations of Texas rainfall, 1870 to 1926. The mean annual
rainfall in Texas since 1891, covering a period of widely distributed weather stations,
has been 31.08 inches.
General Characteristics of Texas Weather.
Extending through almost ten degrees
of latitude and rising from a low coastal
plain to general elevations of 2,000 and
4,000 feet, Texas presents a variety of cli-
matic conditions. Briefly it may be said
that it reaches from the subtropical to
the middle temperate. Again, it varies
widely from east to west with respect to
rainfall, the precipitation being forty-
five and fifty inches annually in the
southeast and about ten inches in the ex-
treme western section of the State. Nor-
mal rainfall by months and for the year
are given on the two preceding pages,
for all Texas counties in which the
United States Weather Bureau has main-
tained stations long enough to establish
normals. Normal temperatures for Janu-
ary, July and the year are given also.
In the eastern portions of the State the
rainfall is generally heaviest in thV
spring, with precipitation also above nor-
mal in the autumn with comparatively
dry midsummers and midwinters. In the
farther western and northwestern parts of
the State, however, the rainfall is heavier
in the spring and summer This is for-
tunate throughout the State, especially
with respect to the cotton growing indus-
try, because in the normally well watered
eastern parts of Texas the farmer usually
needs dry weather during summer for
the cultivation of his crops, also as an
aid in boll weevil control. On the other
hand, in the comparatively arid regions of
the farther western portions where the
rainfall usually ranges around twenty and
twenty-five inches annually (and where
there is no boll weevil infestation) the
greater proportion of rainfall which comes
normally in the summer is a safeguard
against drouth damage.
The extreme southern portion of Texas
is practically free from killing frost. Win-
ter vegetable crops are produced on large
scale and with ordinary precautions on the
part of the growers, citrus fruits are not
menaced by occasional brief cold waves.
The lower Rio Grande Valley is less like-
ly to witness killing frost than any other
portion of the United States with the ex-
ception of the extreme southern part of
Comparatively little snow falls in Texas,
though there is an occasional light snow
as far south as Austin, even farther south
on rare occasions. Snow lies on the
ground a negligible part of the year even
in the extreme northern part of the State.
Cold weather in the northwestern part of
the State is largely offset by the dry
weather and sunshine that normally pre-
vails throughout the winter.
As a matter of fact, the normal winter
day throughout practically all portions of
Texas is frostless. Cold weather comes in
the form of brief cold waves, called
"northers" by Texans. These winds spring
suddenly out of the north, sometimes
with a few hours of rain or sleet in the
northern sections of the State, and are
followed by clear weather with a frosty
morning or two.
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The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1928~; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123786/m1/93/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.