The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide Page: 95
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iana. This river rises a short distance --a ers rein Cooke, Montague, Clay and
from Farmersville in Collin County and Archer Counties. The flow is intermit-
flows a distance of akout 360 miles to the tent above Dallas where the main stream
head of Sabine Lake through which it is formed by the junction of the West and
empties into the Gulf of Mexico. Elm Forks 'Shortly below Dallas the
It rises at an altitude of a little more East Fork, which rises in Grayson County,
than 600 feet above sea level and flows flows into the main channel. The ex-
by easy stages throughout its course. treme upper branches of the Trinity are
With the exception of a short course near in the Central Basin of North Texas, the
its headwaters which traverse the black West Cross Timbers and the Grand
land prairies, it flows through a wooded Prairie. But after flowing through the
country-hardwoods usually in the imme- black land prairie in the vicinity of Dal-
diate valley with pines on the uplands- las the stream enters the timbered belt
which is watered with a rainfall ranging of East Texas, traversing the postoak and
from thirty-seven to about fifty inches pine belts. The length of the main
annually. Hence, though one of the stream is given as 455 miles by the
shorter of the rivers of Texas and with a Gazetteer of Texas Streams.
comparatively small watershed, including The basin is well watered throughout.
that portion lying in Louisiana, it be- The rainfall ranges from about twenty-
comes a sizable river in its lower course, eight inches at the extreme western
flowing probably more than 4,000,000 source to forty-f ve or more inches at its
acre-feet annually, which puts it in a mouth. The largest average annual run-
class with the Brazos, Trinity, Colorado off is that recorded at Riverside in Walk-
and Rio Grande. There is no large tribu- er County, which is 4,770,000 acre-feet.
tary stream from the Texas side, but The flow of the Trinity at this point is
there are many large flowing bayous and approximately equal to that of the Colo-
creeks from the well watered, timbered rado and Rio Grande in their lower chan-
valley. nels. This is due to the fact that the
There are no large conservation proj- basin, though smaller than either of the
ects in Texas along the course of this other two rivers, has a greater rainfall
stream. There is a large rice acreage, and a greater timbered area. The dis-
however, under irrigation near its mouth. charee is into Trinity Bay, near Anahuac
The river is navigable from some distance in Chambers County.
above its mouth and it has been utilized
to some extent by small river craft and Trinity Projects.
for logging. A large number of reclamation and ir-
THE NECHES BASIN.
This river rises about twelve miles
southeast of Canton, the county seat of
Van Zandt County, and flows southeast-
erly about 260 miles into the Sabine Lake.
The drainage area is 10,100 square miles,
and it is the eighth ranking drainage area
in Texas. It rises at an altitude of ap-
proximately 530 feet and throughout its
course it may be described as a meander-
ing stream. The basin is well wooded,
the upper course being through the post-
oak belt and the lower part being through
the East Texas pine belt, though the im-
mediate valley of the river is usually an
alluvial soil and wooded with hard tim-
It has several strong flowing tribu-
taries of which the Angelina River is the
principal one. The rainfall is abundant
throughout the basin; ranging from about
forty to fifty inches annually, and the
flow annually at Evadale in Jasper
County, the lowest of the stream gauging
stations is given at about 4,700,000 acre-
feet. There are no extensive reclamation
or conservation improvements on this
channel except the large rice irrigation
projects near its mouth. There are a few
small power projects on this stream and
its tributaries and the river has been
used to limited extent as means of trans-
portation by the lumber industry,
through the heart of which the stream
THE TRINITY BASIN.
This is the smallest of the three large
drainage basins lying within the State of
Texas, the other two being the Colorado
and the Brazos. The latter receives an
inappreciable amount of New Mexico wa-
ter, but is considered a Texas stream ex-
clusively. The Trinity has a drainage
basin of 17,600 square miles. The stream
rises in a number of forks whose head-
rigation projects are found along this
channel. Lake Dallas and Lake Worth,
from which Dallas and Fort Worth get
their main municipal water supplies, are
found on the upper tributaries of this
stream, in Denton and Tarrant Counties,
respectively. More than half of the levee
districts of the State are along the banks
of the Trinity and its tributaries. This
stream flows through the rich black land
belt; furthermore, it has a comparatively
rapid run-off above the black land belt,
but becomes a meandering stream upon
reaching this territory. Most of these
levee districts are in Dallas, Kaufman,
Ellis, Navarro, Henderson, Anderson and
Houston Counties. There is extensive ir-
rigation of rice fields from the Trinity in
Big Levee Project.
One of the largest tentative reclama-
tion projects is on the Trinity at Dallas,
where it is planned to straighten the
channel and build large levees for the
reclamation of 11,000 acres of land lying
between the main portion of Dallas on the
east bank and Oak Cliff and West Dallas
on the west bank.
Fort Worth Project.
Another notable municipal project is
that for which Fort Worth voted $6,500,-
000 bonds in 1927 for the construction of
two large reservoirs, one to be in Tar,
rant County and another in Wise County-
The Wise County lake will be one of th
largest in Texas. The two lakes will fur-
nish water for Fort Worth's future needs,
besides serving as a regulator of stream
flow through Fort Worth.
A number of small power sites are
found along this stream, but there is no
large development. A number of years
ago locks and dams were installed at a
number of points along the Trinity with a
view to making the stream navigable for
THE TEXAS ALMANAC.
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The 1928 Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide, book, 1928~; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth123786/m1/98/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.