Soil Survey of Bosque County, Texas Page: 29
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BOSQUE COUNTY, TEXAS
community is a mixture of mid and short grasses. Man-
agement includes controlled grazing, proper stocking,
and brush control.
Potential for cropland, pasture, and urban uses is low.
The gullies are a limitation that affect its usage.
This Windthorst soil is in capability subclass Vie and in
Sandy Loam range site.
55-Yahola-Gaddy complex, frequently flooded.
These are deep, nearly level and gently sloping soils on
flood plains. Slopes range from 0 to 2 percent. The
complex is in bands from 300 to 1,000 feet in width that
parallel streams. Areas range from 10 to 200 acres.
Flooding occurs on the average of once every 1 to 2
About 70 percent of this map unit is Yahola and close-
ly similar soils, about 25 percent Gaddy and closely
similar soils, and 5 percent is other soils. Areas of these
soils are so intricately mixed that mapping them sepa-
rately was not practical at the scale used for mapping.
Typically, the Yahola soil surface layer, about 10
inches thick, is brown, calcareous fine sandy loam. The
underlying material, extending to 63 inches, is calcareous
fine sandy loam that is reddish brown in the upper part
and yellowish red in the lower part. Closely similar soils
include a soil that has a clay loam surface layer and a
soil that is very fine sandy loam throughout.
This soil is well drained. Permeability is moderately
rapid, and the available water capacity is high. The soil is
flooded for very brief periods of less than 2 days dura-
tion. A water table is 10 feet below the surface in most
years. The root zone is deep and easily penetrated by
plant roots. The water erosion hazard is moderate. The
soil blowing hazard is moderate.
Typically, the Gaddy soil surface layer, about 10
inches thick, is brown, calcareous loamy fine sand. The
underlying material, extending to 60 inches, is light
brown, calcareous loamy fine sand in the upper 8 inches,
and very pale brown, calcareous fine sand below. Close-
ly similar soils to Gaddy are a soil that is noncalcareous
throughout and a sandy soil that has gravelly strata.
This soil is somewhat excessively drained. Permeabil-
ity is rapid. The root zone is deep and easily penetrated
by plant roots. The water erosion hazard is moderate.
The soil blowing hazard is severe.
Other soils in small areas are Bastrop and Paluxy
which are on slightly higher adjoining stream terraces.
These soils make up about 5 percent of the complex.
This unit is used mainly for rangeland. Potential for
native range plants is high. The climax plant community
is a mixture of tall and mid grasses, forbs, and trees.
Management includes controlled grazing, proper stock-
ing, and brush control.
Potential for pasture plants is high. Bermudagrass and
kleingrass are the commonly grown grasses on these
soils. The potential for cropland is low. Flooding is the
main limitation and could be overcome only by major
flood control measures.
Flooding is the main limitation for urban uses.
These Yahola and Gaddy soils are in capability sub-
class Vw; Yahola is in Loamy Bottomland range site;
Gaddy is in Sandy Bottomland range site.
Use and management of the soils
This soil survey is an inventory and evaluation of the
soils in the survey area. It can be used to adjust land
uses to the limitations and potentials of natural re-
sources and the environment. Also, it can help avoid
soil-related failures in land uses.
In preparing a soil survey, soil scientists, conservation-
ists, engineers, and others collect extensive field data
about the nature and behavior characteristics of the
soils. They collect data on erosion, droughtiness, flood-
ing, and other factors that affect various soil uses and
management. Field experience and collected data on
soil properties and performance are used as a basis in
predicting soil behavior.
Information in this section can be used to plan the use
and management of soils for crops, pasture, and range-
land; as sites for buildings, sanitary facilities, highways
and other transportation systems, and parks and other
recreation facilities; and for wildlife habitat. It can be
used to identify the potentials and limitations of each soil
for specific land uses and to help prevent construction
failures caused by unfavorable soil properties.
Planners and others using soil survey information can
evaluate the effect of specific land uses on productivity
and on the environment in all or part of the survey area.
The survey can help planners to maintain or create a
land use pattern in harmony with the natural soil.
Contractors can use this survey to locate sources of
sand and gravel, roadfill, and topsoil. They can use it to
identify areas where bedrock, wetness, or very firm soil
layers can cause difficulty in excavation.
Health officials, highway officials, engineers, and
others may also find this survey useful. The survey can
help them plan the safe disposal of wastes and locate
sites for pavements, sidewalks, campgrounds, play-
grounds, lawns, and trees and shrubs.
Crops and pasture
General management needed for crops and pasture is
suggested in this section. The crops or pasture plants
best suited to the soils, including some not commonly
grown in the survey area, are identified; the system of
land capability classification used by the Soil Conserva-
tion Service is explained; and the estimated yields of the
main crops and hay and pasture plants are listed for
Planners of management systems for individual fields
or farms should consider the detailed information given
in the description of each soil under "Soils maps for
detailed planning." Specific information can be obtained
from the local office of the Soil Conservation Service or
the Cooperative Extension Service.
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Reference the current page of this Book.
Stringer, Billy R. Soil Survey of Bosque County, Texas, book, 1980; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth130202/m1/39/: accessed January 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.